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Chronic nonmalignant pain: a challenge for patients and clinicians


Scascighini, L; Sprott, H (2008). Chronic nonmalignant pain: a challenge for patients and clinicians. Nature Clinical Practice Rheumatology, 4(2):74-81.

Abstract

Chronic pain is widely regarded as a condition that is triggered by various factors, including physical, socio-cultural and psychological deficiencies (that is, maladaptive beliefs). These factors are important in the development and maintenance of this unpleasant experience, which consequently requires a biopsychosocial treatment approach. Pain is a multifaceted sense, the perception of which is personal. Pain also depends on various circumstances, and therefore represents a challenge for the patient, as well for the treating physicians. Patients who suffer from long-lasting pain with a predominantly psychosocial component should be referred to specialized pain clinics for further diagnostic assessment and possible allocation to multidisciplinary pain programs. High-quality randomized controlled trials indicate that multidisciplinary pain programs represent the best therapeutic option for the management of patients with complaints associated with complex chronic pain. The prevalence and the costs--both direct and indirect--that are attributed to chronic pain are increasing; however, not enough is being done to sufficiently and effectively treat chronic pain. There is, therefore, a need for well-designed, interdisciplinary, internationally comparable, and widely distributed pain programs, both in outpatient and inpatient settings, to contribute to the prevention of some future pain diseases.

Abstract

Chronic pain is widely regarded as a condition that is triggered by various factors, including physical, socio-cultural and psychological deficiencies (that is, maladaptive beliefs). These factors are important in the development and maintenance of this unpleasant experience, which consequently requires a biopsychosocial treatment approach. Pain is a multifaceted sense, the perception of which is personal. Pain also depends on various circumstances, and therefore represents a challenge for the patient, as well for the treating physicians. Patients who suffer from long-lasting pain with a predominantly psychosocial component should be referred to specialized pain clinics for further diagnostic assessment and possible allocation to multidisciplinary pain programs. High-quality randomized controlled trials indicate that multidisciplinary pain programs represent the best therapeutic option for the management of patients with complaints associated with complex chronic pain. The prevalence and the costs--both direct and indirect--that are attributed to chronic pain are increasing; however, not enough is being done to sufficiently and effectively treat chronic pain. There is, therefore, a need for well-designed, interdisciplinary, internationally comparable, and widely distributed pain programs, both in outpatient and inpatient settings, to contribute to the prevention of some future pain diseases.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:February 2008
Deposited On:06 Nov 2008 15:19
Last Modified:21 Nov 2017 13:32
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1745-8382
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/ncprheum0680
PubMed ID:18235536

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