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Bystander activation of CD4+ T cells


Boyman, O (2010). Bystander activation of CD4+ T cells. European Journal of Immunology, 40(4):936-939.

Abstract

Bystander activation of T cells, i.e. the stimulation of unrelated (heterologous) T cells by cytokines during an Ag-specific T-cell response, has been best described for CD8(+) T cells. In the CD8(+) compartment, the release of IFN and IFN-inducers leads to the production of IL-15, which mediates the proliferation of CD8(+) T cells, notably memory-phenotype CD8(+) T cells. CD4(+) T cells also undergo bystander activation, however, the signals inducing this Ag-nonspecific stimulation of CD4(+) T cells are less well known. A study in this issue of the European Journal of Immunology sheds light on this aspect, suggesting that common gamma-chain cytokines including IL-2 might be involved in bystander activation of CD4(+) T cells.

Abstract

Bystander activation of T cells, i.e. the stimulation of unrelated (heterologous) T cells by cytokines during an Ag-specific T-cell response, has been best described for CD8(+) T cells. In the CD8(+) compartment, the release of IFN and IFN-inducers leads to the production of IL-15, which mediates the proliferation of CD8(+) T cells, notably memory-phenotype CD8(+) T cells. CD4(+) T cells also undergo bystander activation, however, the signals inducing this Ag-nonspecific stimulation of CD4(+) T cells are less well known. A study in this issue of the European Journal of Immunology sheds light on this aspect, suggesting that common gamma-chain cytokines including IL-2 might be involved in bystander activation of CD4(+) T cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:08 Jan 2011 16:30
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:33
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0014-2980
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.201040466
PubMed ID:20309907

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