Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity


Hoorn, C; Wesselingh, F P; ter Steege, H; Bermudez, M A; Mora, A; Sevink, J; Sanmartín, I; Sanchez-Meseguer, A; Anderson, C L; Figueiredo, J P; Jaramillo, C; Riff, D; Negri, F R; Hooghiemstra, H; Lundberg, J; Stadler, T; Särkinen, T; Antonelli, A (2010). Amazonia through time: Andean uplift, climate change, landscape evolution, and biodiversity. Science, 330(6006):927-931.

Abstract

The Amazonian rainforest is arguably the most species-rich terrestrial ecosystem in the world, yet the timing of the origin and evolutionary causes of this diversity are a matter of debate. We review the geologic and phylogenetic evidence from Amazonia and compare it with uplift records from the Andes. This uplift and its effect on regional climate fundamentally changed the Amazonian landscape by reconfiguring drainage patterns and creating a vast influx of sediments into the basin. On this "Andean" substrate, a region-wide edaphic mosaic developed that became extremely rich in species, particularly in Western Amazonia. We show that Andean uplift was crucial for the evolution of Amazonian landscapes and ecosystems, and that current biodiversity patterns are rooted deep in the pre-Quaternary.

Abstract

The Amazonian rainforest is arguably the most species-rich terrestrial ecosystem in the world, yet the timing of the origin and evolutionary causes of this diversity are a matter of debate. We review the geologic and phylogenetic evidence from Amazonia and compare it with uplift records from the Andes. This uplift and its effect on regional climate fundamentally changed the Amazonian landscape by reconfiguring drainage patterns and creating a vast influx of sediments into the basin. On this "Andean" substrate, a region-wide edaphic mosaic developed that became extremely rich in species, particularly in Western Amazonia. We show that Andean uplift was crucial for the evolution of Amazonian landscapes and ecosystems, and that current biodiversity patterns are rooted deep in the pre-Quaternary.

Statistics

Citations

578 citations in Web of Science®
610 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

263 downloads since deposited on 23 Jan 2011
34 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:23 Jan 2011 16:10
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:36
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
ISSN:0036-8075
Additional Information:This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science, 12 November 2010: Vol. 330 no. 6006 pp. 927-931 DOI: 10.1126/science.1194585
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1194585
PubMed ID:21071659

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Filetype: PDF (Verlags-PDF) - Registered users only
Size: 2MB
View at publisher
Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF (Accepted manuscript: Main text)
Size: 1MB
Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF (Accepted manuscript: Supplementary online material)
Size: 150kB
Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF (Accepted manuscript: Figure 1)
Size: 664kB
Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF (Accepted manuscript: Figure 2)
Size: 1MB
Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF (Accepted manuscript: Figure 3)
Size: 1MB