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Measurement of leading neutron production in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA


H1 Collaboration; Egli, S; Grab, C; Müller, K; Nowak, K; Perez, E; Straumann, U; Truöl, P; Zimmermann, T (2010). Measurement of leading neutron production in deep-inelastic scattering at HERA. European Physical Journal C - Particles and Fields, 68(3-4):381-399.

Abstract

The production of leading neutrons, where the neutron carries a large fraction x L of the incoming proton’s longitudinal momentum, is studied in deep-inelastic positron-proton scattering at HERA. The data were taken with the H1 detector in the years 2006 and 2007 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 122 pb−1. The semi-inclusive cross section is measured in the phase space defined by the photon virtuality 6<Q 2<100 GeV2, Bjorken scaling variable 1.5⋅10−4<x<3⋅10−2, longitudinal momentum fraction 0.32<x L <0.95 and neutron transverse momentum p T <0.2 GeV. The leading neutron structure function, $F_{2}^{LN(3)}(Q^{2},x,x_{L})$, and the fraction of deep-inelastic scattering events containing a leading neutron are studied as a function of Q 2, x and x L . Assuming that the pion exchange mechanism dominates leading neutron production, the data provide constraints on the shape of the pion structure function.

Abstract

The production of leading neutrons, where the neutron carries a large fraction x L of the incoming proton’s longitudinal momentum, is studied in deep-inelastic positron-proton scattering at HERA. The data were taken with the H1 detector in the years 2006 and 2007 and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 122 pb−1. The semi-inclusive cross section is measured in the phase space defined by the photon virtuality 6<Q 2<100 GeV2, Bjorken scaling variable 1.5⋅10−4<x<3⋅10−2, longitudinal momentum fraction 0.32<x L <0.95 and neutron transverse momentum p T <0.2 GeV. The leading neutron structure function, $F_{2}^{LN(3)}(Q^{2},x,x_{L})$, and the fraction of deep-inelastic scattering events containing a leading neutron are studied as a function of Q 2, x and x L . Assuming that the pion exchange mechanism dominates leading neutron production, the data provide constraints on the shape of the pion structure function.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:20 Jan 2011 14:50
Last Modified:09 Mar 2017 08:31
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1434-6044
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1369-4

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