Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Nanoparticle cytotoxicity depends on intracellular solubility: comparison of stabilized copper metal and degradable copper oxide nanoparticles


Studer, A M; Limbach, L K; Van Duc, L; Krumeich, F; Athanassiou, E K; Gerber, L C; Moch, H; Stark, W J (2010). Nanoparticle cytotoxicity depends on intracellular solubility: comparison of stabilized copper metal and degradable copper oxide nanoparticles. Toxicology Letters, 197(3):169-174.

Abstract

Metal nanoparticles have distinctly different chemical and physical properties than currently investigated oxides. Since pure metallic nanoparticles are igniting at air, carbon stabilized copper nanoparticles were used as representative material for this class. Using copper as a representative example, we compare the cytotoxicity of copper metal nanoparticles stabilized by a carbon layer to copper oxide nanoparticles using two different cell lines. Keeping the copper exposure dose constant, the two forms of copper showed a distinctly different response. Whilst copper oxide had already been reported to be highly cytotoxic, carbon-coated copper nanoparticles were much less cytotoxic and more tolerated. Measuring the two material's intra- and extracellular solubility in model buffers explained this difference on the basis of altered copper release when supplying copper metal or the corresponding oxide particles to the cells. Control experiments using pure carbon nanoparticles were used to exclude significant surface effects. Reference experiments with ionic copper solutions confirmed a similar response of cultures if exposed to copper oxide nanoparticles or ionic copper. These observations are in line with a Trojan horse-type mechanism and illustrate the dominating influence of physico-chemical parameters on the cytotoxicity of a given metal.
(c) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Abstract

Metal nanoparticles have distinctly different chemical and physical properties than currently investigated oxides. Since pure metallic nanoparticles are igniting at air, carbon stabilized copper nanoparticles were used as representative material for this class. Using copper as a representative example, we compare the cytotoxicity of copper metal nanoparticles stabilized by a carbon layer to copper oxide nanoparticles using two different cell lines. Keeping the copper exposure dose constant, the two forms of copper showed a distinctly different response. Whilst copper oxide had already been reported to be highly cytotoxic, carbon-coated copper nanoparticles were much less cytotoxic and more tolerated. Measuring the two material's intra- and extracellular solubility in model buffers explained this difference on the basis of altered copper release when supplying copper metal or the corresponding oxide particles to the cells. Control experiments using pure carbon nanoparticles were used to exclude significant surface effects. Reference experiments with ionic copper solutions confirmed a similar response of cultures if exposed to copper oxide nanoparticles or ionic copper. These observations are in line with a Trojan horse-type mechanism and illustrate the dominating influence of physico-chemical parameters on the cytotoxicity of a given metal.
(c) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Statistics

Citations

158 citations in Web of Science®
168 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 21 Jan 2011
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:21 Jan 2011 20:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:37
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0378-4274
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.toxlet.2010.05.012
PubMed ID:20621582

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Filetype: PDF (Verlags-PDF) - Registered users only
Size: 1MB
View at publisher

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations