Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Application of label-free absolute quantitative proteomics in human gingival crevicular fluid by LC/MS E (gingival exudatome)


Bostanci, N; Heywood, W; Mills, K; Parkar, M; Nibali, L; Donos, N (2010). Application of label-free absolute quantitative proteomics in human gingival crevicular fluid by LC/MS E (gingival exudatome). Journal of Proteome Research, 9(5):2191-2199.

Abstract

Periodontal disease is perhaps the most common infectious disease in humans. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is a local inflammatory exudate of the periodontal tissues. Its composition greatly varies between health and periodontal disease. GCF collection is rapid and noninvasive, but previous approaches aiming to analyze its composition have mainly involved single protein biomarkers. The aim of this study was to perform analysis of the GCF exudatome from healthy and periodontally diseased sites by LC/MS(E), a label-free mass spectrometry method that enables simultaneous protein identification and absolute quantification in biological fluids. In total, 154 proteins of human, bacterial, and viral origin were identified in the 40 GCF samples obtained from the 10 subjects (five healthy and five generalized aggressive periodontitis). The proportion of bacterial, viral, and yeast protein was increased in disease, compared to health. The presence of host defense-related proteins, such as Cystatin-B and defensins, was confirmed to be present only in health. Among the newly identified GCF proteins were L-plastin detected only in disease (15.6 +/- 12.1 fmol) and Annexin-1 detected in 5-fold higher levels in health. Nevertheless, pro-inflammatory cytokines or periodontal pathogen proteins were rarely detected. Conclusively, the LC/MS(E) technology may facilitate characterization of GCF proteome in periodontal health and disease, thus conferring prognostic and diagnostic value. Larger cohort studies are required to characterize the complete GCF proteome in health and disease.

Abstract

Periodontal disease is perhaps the most common infectious disease in humans. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) is a local inflammatory exudate of the periodontal tissues. Its composition greatly varies between health and periodontal disease. GCF collection is rapid and noninvasive, but previous approaches aiming to analyze its composition have mainly involved single protein biomarkers. The aim of this study was to perform analysis of the GCF exudatome from healthy and periodontally diseased sites by LC/MS(E), a label-free mass spectrometry method that enables simultaneous protein identification and absolute quantification in biological fluids. In total, 154 proteins of human, bacterial, and viral origin were identified in the 40 GCF samples obtained from the 10 subjects (five healthy and five generalized aggressive periodontitis). The proportion of bacterial, viral, and yeast protein was increased in disease, compared to health. The presence of host defense-related proteins, such as Cystatin-B and defensins, was confirmed to be present only in health. Among the newly identified GCF proteins were L-plastin detected only in disease (15.6 +/- 12.1 fmol) and Annexin-1 detected in 5-fold higher levels in health. Nevertheless, pro-inflammatory cytokines or periodontal pathogen proteins were rarely detected. Conclusively, the LC/MS(E) technology may facilitate characterization of GCF proteome in periodontal health and disease, thus conferring prognostic and diagnostic value. Larger cohort studies are required to characterize the complete GCF proteome in health and disease.

Statistics

Citations

55 citations in Web of Science®
57 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

122 downloads since deposited on 23 Jan 2011
11 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Institute of Oral Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:23 Jan 2011 08:38
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:37
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1535-3893
Additional Information:This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Journal of Proteome Research, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/pr900941z.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/pr900941z
PubMed ID:20205380

Download