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Clinical, genetic, and functional characterization of four patients carrying partial loss-of-function mutations in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR)


Sahakitrungruang, T; Soccio, R E; Lang-Muritano, M; Walker, J M; Achermann, J C; Miller, W L (2010). Clinical, genetic, and functional characterization of four patients carrying partial loss-of-function mutations in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95(7):3352-2259.

Abstract

CONTEXT: Nonclassic congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia (lipoid CAH) is a recently recognized disorder caused by mutations in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) that retain partial function. Affected individuals can present with a phenotype of late onset adrenal insufficiency with only mild or minimally disordered sexual development.

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to delineate the clinical spectrum of StAR mutations and correlate phenotype with StAR activity.

PATIENTS: Four patients had nonclassic/atypical lipoid CAH. Adrenal insufficiency was manifested at birth in two patients and at 11 months and 4 yr in the other two. Three were 46,XY with underdeveloped genitalia.

METHODS: The StAR gene was sequenced, mutations were recreated in expression vectors, and StAR activity was measured as pregnenolone production in COS-1 cells cotransfected with the cholesterol side-chain cleavage system. StAR mutants were expressed as N-62 StAR in bacteria, and purified proteins were tested for activity with isolated steroidogenic mitochondria and for cholesterol-binding capacity.

RESULTS: DNA sequencing identified mutations on all alleles. Missense mutations were R188C, G221D, L260P, and F267S; we also tested R192C described by others. The respective activities of R188C, R192C, G221D, L260P, and F267S were 8.0, 39.4, 2.4, 3.1, and 6.1% of wild-type in transfected cells, and 12.8, 54.8, 6.3, 1.8, and 9.5% with isolated mitochondria. Cholesterol binding capacities of R188C, R192C, G221D, L260P, and F267S were 6.7, 55.3, 10.2, 4.6, and 20.9%. These data are correlated to the three-dimensional structure of StAR.

CONCLUSIONS: There is a broad clinical spectrum of StAR mutations; StAR activities in vitro correlate well with clinical phenotypes.

Abstract

CONTEXT: Nonclassic congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia (lipoid CAH) is a recently recognized disorder caused by mutations in the steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR) that retain partial function. Affected individuals can present with a phenotype of late onset adrenal insufficiency with only mild or minimally disordered sexual development.

OBJECTIVES: The aim was to delineate the clinical spectrum of StAR mutations and correlate phenotype with StAR activity.

PATIENTS: Four patients had nonclassic/atypical lipoid CAH. Adrenal insufficiency was manifested at birth in two patients and at 11 months and 4 yr in the other two. Three were 46,XY with underdeveloped genitalia.

METHODS: The StAR gene was sequenced, mutations were recreated in expression vectors, and StAR activity was measured as pregnenolone production in COS-1 cells cotransfected with the cholesterol side-chain cleavage system. StAR mutants were expressed as N-62 StAR in bacteria, and purified proteins were tested for activity with isolated steroidogenic mitochondria and for cholesterol-binding capacity.

RESULTS: DNA sequencing identified mutations on all alleles. Missense mutations were R188C, G221D, L260P, and F267S; we also tested R192C described by others. The respective activities of R188C, R192C, G221D, L260P, and F267S were 8.0, 39.4, 2.4, 3.1, and 6.1% of wild-type in transfected cells, and 12.8, 54.8, 6.3, 1.8, and 9.5% with isolated mitochondria. Cholesterol binding capacities of R188C, R192C, G221D, L260P, and F267S were 6.7, 55.3, 10.2, 4.6, and 20.9%. These data are correlated to the three-dimensional structure of StAR.

CONCLUSIONS: There is a broad clinical spectrum of StAR mutations; StAR activities in vitro correlate well with clinical phenotypes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:09 Feb 2011 18:26
Last Modified:22 Nov 2017 20:46
Publisher:Endocrine Society
ISSN:0021-972X
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1210/jc.2010-0437
PubMed ID:20444910

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