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Extranodal manifestation of Rosai-Dorfman disease without involvement of lymph nodes


Kruse, A L D; Gengler, C; Grätz, K W; Obwegeser, J A (2010). Extranodal manifestation of Rosai-Dorfman disease without involvement of lymph nodes. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 21(6):1733-1736.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Rosai-Dorfman disease is an uncommon sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy. Rosai-Dorfman disease without lymphadenopathy is extremely rare. Extranodal pseudotumoral masses can occur--and have been identified and described--in the orbit, skin, bone, and upper respiratory tract. Because of its rareness, Rosai-Dorfman is seldom considered in the clinical differential diagnosis, particularly if extranodal manifestations predominate.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We present herein a patient with extranodal manifestation of Rosai-Dorfman disease in the orbit and parotid without typical initial lymph node involvement that reacted on steroid therapy.

CONCLUSIONS: The correct diagnosis of this entity with the knowledge that it can occur without lymphadenopathy is important. For these patients, diagnosis must be based on histologic and immunohistopathologic findings after surgical biopsy. Steroid therapy can be used for treatment.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Rosai-Dorfman disease is an uncommon sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy. Rosai-Dorfman disease without lymphadenopathy is extremely rare. Extranodal pseudotumoral masses can occur--and have been identified and described--in the orbit, skin, bone, and upper respiratory tract. Because of its rareness, Rosai-Dorfman is seldom considered in the clinical differential diagnosis, particularly if extranodal manifestations predominate.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We present herein a patient with extranodal manifestation of Rosai-Dorfman disease in the orbit and parotid without typical initial lymph node involvement that reacted on steroid therapy.

CONCLUSIONS: The correct diagnosis of this entity with the knowledge that it can occur without lymphadenopathy is important. For these patients, diagnosis must be based on histologic and immunohistopathologic findings after surgical biopsy. Steroid therapy can be used for treatment.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:04 Feb 2011 13:58
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:42
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:1049-2275
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/SCS.0b013e3181f403ad
PubMed ID:21119410

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