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Intramolecular halogen stabilization of silylium ions directs gearing dynamics


Romanato, P; Duttwyler, S; Linden, A; Siegel, J S (2010). Intramolecular halogen stabilization of silylium ions directs gearing dynamics. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 132(23):7828-7829.

Abstract

2,6-Bis(2,6-difluorophenyl)phenyldimethylsilanium ion (1a) adopts a ground-state C(2) trigonal-bipyramidal geometry in which fluorines from opposing 2,6-difluorophenyl groups coordinate to the apical positions of the pentavalent silyl cation. Exchange of fluorine at silicon occurs by a disrotatory gearing mechanism wherein one fluorine remains coordinated to silicon throughout the circuit. The "cogwheel" transition state is C(s)-symmetric, with one ring having a dihedral angle of 0 degrees and the other a dihedral angle of 90 degrees. This correlated dynamic process is a function of the coordinating halogen. The chloro derivative (1b) adopts a similar ground-state geometry, but exchange of chlorine at silicon follows a conrotatory process.

Abstract

2,6-Bis(2,6-difluorophenyl)phenyldimethylsilanium ion (1a) adopts a ground-state C(2) trigonal-bipyramidal geometry in which fluorines from opposing 2,6-difluorophenyl groups coordinate to the apical positions of the pentavalent silyl cation. Exchange of fluorine at silicon occurs by a disrotatory gearing mechanism wherein one fluorine remains coordinated to silicon throughout the circuit. The "cogwheel" transition state is C(s)-symmetric, with one ring having a dihedral angle of 0 degrees and the other a dihedral angle of 90 degrees. This correlated dynamic process is a function of the coordinating halogen. The chloro derivative (1b) adopts a similar ground-state geometry, but exchange of chlorine at silicon follows a conrotatory process.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:18 Feb 2011 21:30
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:46
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:0002-7863
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/ja9109665
PubMed ID:20499871

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