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Spurious correlation in estimation of the health production function: A note


Akkoyunlu, Sule; Lichtenberg, Frank R; Siliverstovs, Boriss; Zweifel, Peter (2010). Spurious correlation in estimation of the health production function: A note. Economics Bulletin, 30(3):2505-2514.

Abstract

In this paper, we address the issue of spurious correlation in the production of health in a systematic way. Spurious
correlation entails the risk of linking health status to medical (and nonmedical) inputs when no links exist. This note
first presents the bounds testing procedure as a method to detect and avoid spurious correlation. It then applies it to a
recent contribution by Lichtenberg (2004), which relates longevity in the United States to pharmaceutical innovation
and public health care expenditure. The results of the bounds testing procedure show longevity to be related to these
two factors. Therefore, the estimates reported by Lichtenberg (2004) cannot be said to be result of spurious
correlation, to the contrary, they very likely reflect an effective relationship, at least for the United States.

Abstract

In this paper, we address the issue of spurious correlation in the production of health in a systematic way. Spurious
correlation entails the risk of linking health status to medical (and nonmedical) inputs when no links exist. This note
first presents the bounds testing procedure as a method to detect and avoid spurious correlation. It then applies it to a
recent contribution by Lichtenberg (2004), which relates longevity in the United States to pharmaceutical innovation
and public health care expenditure. The results of the bounds testing procedure show longevity to be related to these
two factors. Therefore, the estimates reported by Lichtenberg (2004) cannot be said to be result of spurious
correlation, to the contrary, they very likely reflect an effective relationship, at least for the United States.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:28 September 2010
Deposited On:19 Feb 2011 09:10
Last Modified:27 Dec 2017 06:22
Publisher:Economics Bulletin
ISSN:1545-2921
Free access at:Related URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:http://www.accessecon.com/pubs/eb/default.aspx?topic=Abstract&PaperID=EB-10-00138

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