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A butyrophilin family member critically inhibits T cell activation


Yamazaki, T; Goya, I; Graf, D; Martin-Orozco, N; Dong, C (2010). A butyrophilin family member critically inhibits T cell activation. Journal of Immunology, 185(10):5907-5914.

Abstract

The costimulatory molecules in the B7-CD28 families are important in the regulation of T cell activation and tolerance. The butyrophilin family of proteins shares sequence and structure homology with B7 family molecules; however, the function of the butyrophilin family in the immune system has not been defined. In this study, we performed an analysis on multiple butyrophilin molecules and found that butyrophilin-like (BTNL)1 molecule functions to dampen T cell activation. BTNL1 mRNA was broadly expressed, but its protein was only found in APCs and not T cells. The putative receptor for BTNL1 was found on activated T cells and APCs. Also, recombinant BTNL1 molecule inhibited T cell proliferation by arresting cell cycle progression. The administration of neutralizing Abs against BTNL1 provoked enhanced T cell activation and exacerbated disease in autoimmune and asthma mouse models. Therefore, BTNL1 is a critical inhibitory molecule for T cell activation and immune diseases.

Abstract

The costimulatory molecules in the B7-CD28 families are important in the regulation of T cell activation and tolerance. The butyrophilin family of proteins shares sequence and structure homology with B7 family molecules; however, the function of the butyrophilin family in the immune system has not been defined. In this study, we performed an analysis on multiple butyrophilin molecules and found that butyrophilin-like (BTNL)1 molecule functions to dampen T cell activation. BTNL1 mRNA was broadly expressed, but its protein was only found in APCs and not T cells. The putative receptor for BTNL1 was found on activated T cells and APCs. Also, recombinant BTNL1 molecule inhibited T cell proliferation by arresting cell cycle progression. The administration of neutralizing Abs against BTNL1 provoked enhanced T cell activation and exacerbated disease in autoimmune and asthma mouse models. Therefore, BTNL1 is a critical inhibitory molecule for T cell activation and immune diseases.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Institute of Oral Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:25 Feb 2011 11:56
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:50
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4049/​jimmunol.1000835
PubMed ID:20944003

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