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The effect of CD14 C159T polymorphism on in vitro IgE synthesis and cytokine production by PBMC from children with asthma


Sackesen, C; Birben, E; Soyer, O U; Sahiner, U M; Yavuz, T S; Civelek, E; Karabulut, E; Akdis, M; Akdis, C A; Kalayci, O (2011). The effect of CD14 C159T polymorphism on in vitro IgE synthesis and cytokine production by PBMC from children with asthma. Allergy, 66(1):48-57.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Even though the genotype at the promoter region of the CD14 molecule is known to affect the atopic phenotypes, the cellular and molecular basis of this association is largely unknown.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on IgE production and cytokine profile by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from asthmatic children with the TT and the CC genotypes at position -159 of the CD14 gene.

METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from asthmatic children with alternative genotypes at CD14 C159T locus were stimulated with 2 and 200 ng/ml LPS in vitro. The IgE, IgG and, IgM response was determined by ELISA and Ig έ-germline, IgG, and IgM transcription by real-time PCR. A cluster of cytokines was measured by cytometric bead array.

RESULTS: Asthmatic children with the TT genotype but not those with the CC genotype responded with increased IgE synthesis and germline transcription to LPS stimulation. There were no genotype-related differences in IgG and IgM. TT but not the CC genotype was associated with significantly increased interleukin (IL)-4/IL-12 and IL-4/interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) ratios in the culture supernatant. There were no genotype-related differences in IL-1β, IL-7, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17A, granulocyte colony stimulating factor, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor, monocyte chemotactic protein, and tumor necrosis factor alpha.

CONCLUSION: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from asthmatic children with the TT genotype at position -159 of the CD14 gene make more IgE than those with the CC genotype following LPS stimulation because of increased germline transcription and have an augmented Th2 cytokine profile.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Even though the genotype at the promoter region of the CD14 molecule is known to affect the atopic phenotypes, the cellular and molecular basis of this association is largely unknown.

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on IgE production and cytokine profile by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from asthmatic children with the TT and the CC genotypes at position -159 of the CD14 gene.

METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from asthmatic children with alternative genotypes at CD14 C159T locus were stimulated with 2 and 200 ng/ml LPS in vitro. The IgE, IgG and, IgM response was determined by ELISA and Ig έ-germline, IgG, and IgM transcription by real-time PCR. A cluster of cytokines was measured by cytometric bead array.

RESULTS: Asthmatic children with the TT genotype but not those with the CC genotype responded with increased IgE synthesis and germline transcription to LPS stimulation. There were no genotype-related differences in IgG and IgM. TT but not the CC genotype was associated with significantly increased interleukin (IL)-4/IL-12 and IL-4/interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) ratios in the culture supernatant. There were no genotype-related differences in IL-1β, IL-7, IL-10, IL-13, IL-17A, granulocyte colony stimulating factor, granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor, monocyte chemotactic protein, and tumor necrosis factor alpha.

CONCLUSION: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from asthmatic children with the TT genotype at position -159 of the CD14 gene make more IgE than those with the CC genotype following LPS stimulation because of increased germline transcription and have an augmented Th2 cytokine profile.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Swiss Institute of Allergy and Asthma Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2011
Deposited On:08 Mar 2011 15:35
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:50
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0105-4538
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1398-9995.2010.02428.x
PubMed ID:20608916

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