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Protection of short-time enamel erosion by different tetrafluoride compounds


Wiegand, Annette; Laabs, Kolja A; Gressmann, Grit; Roos, Malgorzata; Magalhães, Ana C; Attin, Thomas (2008). Protection of short-time enamel erosion by different tetrafluoride compounds. Archives of Oral Biology, 53(6):497-502.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study aimed to analyse the protective effect of differently concentrated titanium (TiF(4)), zirconium (ZrF(4)) and hafnium (HfF(4)) tetrafluoride on enamel erosion. METHODS: Polished enamel surfaces of 36 bovine crowns were covered with tape leaving 4 enamel windows each 3mm in diameter exposed. The crowns were randomly assigned to six groups (each n=6) and pretreated with 4% TiF(4), 10% TiF(4), 4% ZrF(4), 10% ZrF(4), 4% HfF(4) or 10% HfF(4) for 4 min (first window), 10 min (second window) or 15 min (third window). The fourth window of each crown was not pretreated and served as control. Erosion was performed stepwise with 1% HCl (pH 2) in five consecutive intervals of each 15 s (total 75 s). Enamel dissolution was quantified by colorimetric determination of phosphate release into the acid. For each tooth, cumulative phosphate loss of enamel pretreated with one of the tetrafluoride compounds was calculated as percentage of the respective control and statistically analysed using two-way ANOVA. RESULTS: Enamel erosion was significantly reduced by TiF(4), ZrF(4) and HfF(4) application. Cumulative phosphate loss (mean % of control, 75s erosion) after 4-15 min application was significantly lower for 4% ZrF(4) (7-11%), 10% ZrF(4) (2-6%), 4% HfF(4) (11-9%) and 10% HfF(4) (12-16%) compared to 4% TiF(4) (42-27%) and 10% TiF(4) (54-33%). Only for 4% and 10% TiF(4), phosphate loss decreased with increasing duration of application, but also increased with increasing acid intervals. CONCLUSION: TiF(4), ZrF(4) and HfF(4) might protect enamel against short-time erosion, but protection was more enhanced by ZrF(4) and HfF(4) compared to TiF(4) application overtime.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study aimed to analyse the protective effect of differently concentrated titanium (TiF(4)), zirconium (ZrF(4)) and hafnium (HfF(4)) tetrafluoride on enamel erosion. METHODS: Polished enamel surfaces of 36 bovine crowns were covered with tape leaving 4 enamel windows each 3mm in diameter exposed. The crowns were randomly assigned to six groups (each n=6) and pretreated with 4% TiF(4), 10% TiF(4), 4% ZrF(4), 10% ZrF(4), 4% HfF(4) or 10% HfF(4) for 4 min (first window), 10 min (second window) or 15 min (third window). The fourth window of each crown was not pretreated and served as control. Erosion was performed stepwise with 1% HCl (pH 2) in five consecutive intervals of each 15 s (total 75 s). Enamel dissolution was quantified by colorimetric determination of phosphate release into the acid. For each tooth, cumulative phosphate loss of enamel pretreated with one of the tetrafluoride compounds was calculated as percentage of the respective control and statistically analysed using two-way ANOVA. RESULTS: Enamel erosion was significantly reduced by TiF(4), ZrF(4) and HfF(4) application. Cumulative phosphate loss (mean % of control, 75s erosion) after 4-15 min application was significantly lower for 4% ZrF(4) (7-11%), 10% ZrF(4) (2-6%), 4% HfF(4) (11-9%) and 10% HfF(4) (12-16%) compared to 4% TiF(4) (42-27%) and 10% TiF(4) (54-33%). Only for 4% and 10% TiF(4), phosphate loss decreased with increasing duration of application, but also increased with increasing acid intervals. CONCLUSION: TiF(4), ZrF(4) and HfF(4) might protect enamel against short-time erosion, but protection was more enhanced by ZrF(4) and HfF(4) compared to TiF(4) application overtime.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Preventive Dentistry, Periodontology and Cariology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:21 Nov 2008 14:23
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 14:46
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0003-9969
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.archoralbio.2008.01.003
PubMed ID:18282554

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