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The diagnosis of brain tuberculoma by (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy


Santy, K; Nan, P; Chantana, Y; Laurent, D; Nadal, D; Richner, B (2011). The diagnosis of brain tuberculoma by (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy. European Journal of Pediatrics, 170(3):379-387.

Abstract

Toddlers are more prone to develop severe and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) than older children. This is partially explained by differences in the immune response. Early and specific diagnosis is essential to start adequate treatment, especially if the central nervous system (CNS) is involved. The lack of sputum production and inherent dangers or impossibility of sampling CNS lesions may delay diagnosis. In addition, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of TB abscesses are non-specific and may mimic abscesses of other infectious etiology. (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) may increase specificity of diagnosis by identifying lipids within the lesions that are considered characteristic for TB. Therefore, we studied four children with presumable CNS-TB with MRI and (1)H-MRS. In vivo and in vitro (1)H-MRS showed elevated lipid peaks within the TB lesions. Conclusion: (1)H-MRS allows to non-invasively identifying TB with high specificity and may allow early installment of targeted antimicrobial treatment.

Abstract

Toddlers are more prone to develop severe and extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) than older children. This is partially explained by differences in the immune response. Early and specific diagnosis is essential to start adequate treatment, especially if the central nervous system (CNS) is involved. The lack of sputum production and inherent dangers or impossibility of sampling CNS lesions may delay diagnosis. In addition, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of TB abscesses are non-specific and may mimic abscesses of other infectious etiology. (1)H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) may increase specificity of diagnosis by identifying lipids within the lesions that are considered characteristic for TB. Therefore, we studied four children with presumable CNS-TB with MRI and (1)H-MRS. In vivo and in vitro (1)H-MRS showed elevated lipid peaks within the TB lesions. Conclusion: (1)H-MRS allows to non-invasively identifying TB with high specificity and may allow early installment of targeted antimicrobial treatment.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:30 Mar 2011 14:24
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:54
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-6199
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00431-011-1408-7
PubMed ID:21301867

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