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On the Historical Development of the Concept of Inferential Upādhi


Suzuki, T (2011). On the Historical Development of the Concept of Inferential Upādhi. Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques, 65(1):211-225.

Abstract

It does seem certain, as prior research has suggested, that upādhi was given the role of “under-cutter” in the Navya-nyāya theory of inference, and that the word “additional/associate condition,” which may lead us to misunderstanding, should be avoided in translations of the word, at least in the reading of Navya-nyāya texts. However, this is not the case for its early concept. In Vācaspati’s Tātparyaṭīkā, we can find this early concept of upādhi, which was developed through discussions between Naiyāyikas and Buddhist logicians on the ascertainment of causal relationship. At this historical stage, upādhi had a meaning of an “associate factor necessary for the occurrence of x’s existence from y” rather than an “undercutting condition for the occurrence of inferential knowledge of x from y.” Only in later texts, such as Udayana’s Pariśuddhi and Gaṅgeśa’s Tattvacintāmaṇi, do we find indications that the word went through a historical process to eventually abandon this former aspect.

Abstract

It does seem certain, as prior research has suggested, that upādhi was given the role of “under-cutter” in the Navya-nyāya theory of inference, and that the word “additional/associate condition,” which may lead us to misunderstanding, should be avoided in translations of the word, at least in the reading of Navya-nyāya texts. However, this is not the case for its early concept. In Vācaspati’s Tātparyaṭīkā, we can find this early concept of upādhi, which was developed through discussions between Naiyāyikas and Buddhist logicians on the ascertainment of causal relationship. At this historical stage, upādhi had a meaning of an “associate factor necessary for the occurrence of x’s existence from y” rather than an “undercutting condition for the occurrence of inferential knowledge of x from y.” Only in later texts, such as Udayana’s Pariśuddhi and Gaṅgeśa’s Tattvacintāmaṇi, do we find indications that the word went through a historical process to eventually abandon this former aspect.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:Journals > Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques
Journals > Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques > Archive > 65 (2011) > 1
Dewey Decimal Classification:950 History of Asia
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:22 Jun 2011 07:11
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:56
Publisher:Schweizerische Asiengesellschaft / Verlag Peter Lang
ISSN:0004-4717

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