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Severe gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to lornoxicam in the dog


Kook, P H; Reusch, C E (2011). Severe gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to lornoxicam in the dog. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 153(5):223-229.

Abstract

Six dogs with lornoxicam induced severe gastrointestinal bleeding are described. The ingested dose ranged between 0.5 - 5.1 mg/kg BW (median 0.63 mg/kg BW). The severity of the bloodloss anemia was moderate to severe with PCV values ranging between 12 - 27 % (median 16 %) and serum albumin concentrations between 12 - 22 g/l (median 16 g/l). One dog had evidence of chronic thrombocytopathia over 13 days and clinicopathologic findings of gastrointestinal bleeding over 55 days. None of the dogs developed kidney injuries. The clinical condition required transfusion of blood products in 5 of 6 cases. One dog with a perforated duodenal ulcer and septic peritonitis survived until discharge but had to be euthanized later on due to recrudescent clinical signs (hematemesis, melena). The median length of hospitalisation was 12 days (5 - 14). No correlation was seen between the ingested dose and severity of clinical signs. Lornoxicam ingestion leads to severe and longlasting gastrointestinal bleeding in the dog and requires immediate intensive therapy.

Abstract

Six dogs with lornoxicam induced severe gastrointestinal bleeding are described. The ingested dose ranged between 0.5 - 5.1 mg/kg BW (median 0.63 mg/kg BW). The severity of the bloodloss anemia was moderate to severe with PCV values ranging between 12 - 27 % (median 16 %) and serum albumin concentrations between 12 - 22 g/l (median 16 g/l). One dog had evidence of chronic thrombocytopathia over 13 days and clinicopathologic findings of gastrointestinal bleeding over 55 days. None of the dogs developed kidney injuries. The clinical condition required transfusion of blood products in 5 of 6 cases. One dog with a perforated duodenal ulcer and septic peritonitis survived until discharge but had to be euthanized later on due to recrudescent clinical signs (hematemesis, melena). The median length of hospitalisation was 12 days (5 - 14). No correlation was seen between the ingested dose and severity of clinical signs. Lornoxicam ingestion leads to severe and longlasting gastrointestinal bleeding in the dog and requires immediate intensive therapy.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Lornoxicam-assoziierte schwere gastrointestinale Blutungen beim Hund
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Language:German
Date:2011
Deposited On:03 Aug 2011 15:22
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 08:40
Publisher:Hans Huber
ISSN:0036-7281
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1024/0036-7281/a000186
PubMed ID:21541911

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