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Health related quality of life of former very preterm infants in adulthood


Baumgardt, M; Bucher, H U; Arlettaz Mieth, R; Fauchère, J C (2012). Health related quality of life of former very preterm infants in adulthood. Acta Paediatrica, 101(2):e59-63.

Abstract

Aim:  To assess health related quality of life of young adults born very preterm compared with a term control group. Methods:  A cohort of preterm infants <1250 g and a term control group, both born between 1983-1985, were surveyed as adults at the median age of 23 years. Questionnaires including the SF 36 and a modified lifestyle questionnaire assessed quality of life, health attitudes, height and weight, chronic diseases, medication and drug consumption. Results:  52 preterms and 75 controls matched for age and sex participated in the study. There were no significant differences in the quality of life as assessed by SF 36. Former preterms were significantly smaller than their term controls but not so for body mass index. The overall consumption of illicit drugs was significantly lower in former preterms. Moreover, former preterms went significantly less often in for sports. There was a trend for higher prevalence of chronic diseases in male compared to female preterms, but their use of medication was significantly lower. Conclusion:  Adults, born very preterm show no significant differences in their quality of life when compared to controls in early adulthood. However, based on their lifestyle and health disadvantages, male preterm subjects constitute a risk group when entering early adulthood with a clear need for continued attention.

Abstract

Aim:  To assess health related quality of life of young adults born very preterm compared with a term control group. Methods:  A cohort of preterm infants <1250 g and a term control group, both born between 1983-1985, were surveyed as adults at the median age of 23 years. Questionnaires including the SF 36 and a modified lifestyle questionnaire assessed quality of life, health attitudes, height and weight, chronic diseases, medication and drug consumption. Results:  52 preterms and 75 controls matched for age and sex participated in the study. There were no significant differences in the quality of life as assessed by SF 36. Former preterms were significantly smaller than their term controls but not so for body mass index. The overall consumption of illicit drugs was significantly lower in former preterms. Moreover, former preterms went significantly less often in for sports. There was a trend for higher prevalence of chronic diseases in male compared to female preterms, but their use of medication was significantly lower. Conclusion:  Adults, born very preterm show no significant differences in their quality of life when compared to controls in early adulthood. However, based on their lifestyle and health disadvantages, male preterm subjects constitute a risk group when entering early adulthood with a clear need for continued attention.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neonatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:08 Aug 2011 08:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 14:58
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0803-5253
Additional Information:The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2011.02422.x
PubMed ID:21767315

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