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Anti-amyloid activity of neprilysin in plaque-bearing mouse models of Alzheimer's disease


Mohajeri, M H; Kuehnle, K; Li, H; Poirier, R; Tracy, J; Nitsch, R M (2004). Anti-amyloid activity of neprilysin in plaque-bearing mouse models of Alzheimer's disease. FEBS Letters, 562(1-3):16-21.

Abstract

Abnormally high concentrations of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) and amyloid plaque formation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be caused either by increased generation or by decreased degradation of Abeta. Therefore, activation of mechanisms that lower brain Abeta levels is considered valuable for AD therapy. Neuronal upregulation of neprilysin (NEP) in young transgenic mice expressing the AD-causing amyloid precursor protein mutations (SwAPP) led to reduction of brain Abeta levels and delayed Abeta plaque deposition. In contrast, a comparable increase of brain NEP levels in aged SwAPP mice with pre-existing plaque pathology did not result in a significant reduction of plaque pathology. Therefore, we suggest that the potential of NEP for AD therapy is age-dependent and most effective early in the course of AD pathophysiology.

Abstract

Abnormally high concentrations of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) and amyloid plaque formation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be caused either by increased generation or by decreased degradation of Abeta. Therefore, activation of mechanisms that lower brain Abeta levels is considered valuable for AD therapy. Neuronal upregulation of neprilysin (NEP) in young transgenic mice expressing the AD-causing amyloid precursor protein mutations (SwAPP) led to reduction of brain Abeta levels and delayed Abeta plaque deposition. In contrast, a comparable increase of brain NEP levels in aged SwAPP mice with pre-existing plaque pathology did not result in a significant reduction of plaque pathology. Therefore, we suggest that the potential of NEP for AD therapy is age-dependent and most effective early in the course of AD pathophysiology.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2004
Deposited On:02 Sep 2011 10:35
Last Modified:16 Aug 2016 10:15
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0014-5793
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0014-5793(04)00169-3
PubMed ID:15043995

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