Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Does the hippocampal atrophy correlate with the cortical theta power in elderly subjects with a range of cognitive impairment?


Grunwald, M; Hensel, A; Wolf, H; Weiss, T; Gertz, H J (2007). Does the hippocampal atrophy correlate with the cortical theta power in elderly subjects with a range of cognitive impairment? Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 24(1):22-26.

Abstract

A previous study with a small sample (N = 39) showed a significant correlation between the cortical theta activity and the hippocampal volume in different stages of cognitive impairment in aged subjects. The recent study was aimed to replicate these results in a much bigger sample. The authors examined a sample of 121 right-handed subjects. The sample consisted of 37 healthy controls, 40 patients with questionable dementia, and 44 patients with mild dementia assessed by Clinical Dementia Rating. All subjects underwent EEG and brain MRI. Mean spectral power was calculated, and volume of hippocampal segments was measured. EEG theta power of the left and right hemisphere correlated significantly with the hippocampal volume on the left and right side in different stages of cognitive impairment. An increase of theta power was associated with decreased hippocampal volume. No other significant correlations were found for alpha or beta band power. No correlation was found between cortical theta and global brain volume. There seems to be a direct relationship between neuronal loss of the hippocampus and changed cortical theta activity for different stages of cognitive impairment in aged subjects.

Abstract

A previous study with a small sample (N = 39) showed a significant correlation between the cortical theta activity and the hippocampal volume in different stages of cognitive impairment in aged subjects. The recent study was aimed to replicate these results in a much bigger sample. The authors examined a sample of 121 right-handed subjects. The sample consisted of 37 healthy controls, 40 patients with questionable dementia, and 44 patients with mild dementia assessed by Clinical Dementia Rating. All subjects underwent EEG and brain MRI. Mean spectral power was calculated, and volume of hippocampal segments was measured. EEG theta power of the left and right hemisphere correlated significantly with the hippocampal volume on the left and right side in different stages of cognitive impairment. An increase of theta power was associated with decreased hippocampal volume. No other significant correlations were found for alpha or beta band power. No correlation was found between cortical theta and global brain volume. There seems to be a direct relationship between neuronal loss of the hippocampus and changed cortical theta activity for different stages of cognitive impairment in aged subjects.

Statistics

Citations

12 citations in Web of Science®
13 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:06 Sep 2011 08:26
Last Modified:16 Aug 2016 10:14
Publisher:Lippincott Wiliams & Wilkins
ISSN:0736-0258
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/WNP.0b013e31802ed5b2
PubMed ID:17277573

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher