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Can the expanded disability status scale be assessed by telephone?


Lechner-Scott, J; Kappos, L; Hofman, M; Polman, C H; Ronner, H; Montalban, X; Tintore, M; Frontoni, M; Buttinelli, C; Amato, M P; Bartolozzi, M L; Versavel, M; Dahlke, F; Kapp, J F; Gibberd, R (2003). Can the expanded disability status scale be assessed by telephone? Multiple Sclerosis, 9(2):154-159.

Abstract

Information from patients who are unable to continue their visits to a study centre may be of major importance for the interpretation of results in multiple sclerosis (MS) clinical trials. To validate a questionnaire based on the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), patients in five different European centres were assessed independently by pairs of trained EDSS raters, first by telephone interview and a few days later by standardized neurological examination. Seventy women and 40 men with an average age of 43.7 years (range 19-74 years) were included in the study. Mean EDSS score at the last visit was 4.5 (0-9). EDSS assessment by telephone was highly correlated with the EDSS determined by physical examination (Pearson's correlation coefficient = 0.95). An intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 94.8% was found for the total sample; 77.6% and 86%, respectively, for patients with EDSS < 4.5 (n = 46) and > 4.5 (n = 64). Kappa values for full agreement were 0.48; for variation by +0.5 steps and +1.0 steps, 0.79 and 0.90, respectively. Best agreement could be found in higher EDSS scores, where assessment by telephone interview might be needed most. The telephone questionnaire is a valid tool to assess EDSS score in cases where the patient is unable to continue visiting a study centre or in long-term follow-up of trial participants.

Abstract

Information from patients who are unable to continue their visits to a study centre may be of major importance for the interpretation of results in multiple sclerosis (MS) clinical trials. To validate a questionnaire based on the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS), patients in five different European centres were assessed independently by pairs of trained EDSS raters, first by telephone interview and a few days later by standardized neurological examination. Seventy women and 40 men with an average age of 43.7 years (range 19-74 years) were included in the study. Mean EDSS score at the last visit was 4.5 (0-9). EDSS assessment by telephone was highly correlated with the EDSS determined by physical examination (Pearson's correlation coefficient = 0.95). An intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of 94.8% was found for the total sample; 77.6% and 86%, respectively, for patients with EDSS < 4.5 (n = 46) and > 4.5 (n = 64). Kappa values for full agreement were 0.48; for variation by +0.5 steps and +1.0 steps, 0.79 and 0.90, respectively. Best agreement could be found in higher EDSS scores, where assessment by telephone interview might be needed most. The telephone questionnaire is a valid tool to assess EDSS score in cases where the patient is unable to continue visiting a study centre or in long-term follow-up of trial participants.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2003
Deposited On:08 Sep 2011 08:17
Last Modified:16 Aug 2016 10:15
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:1352-4585
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1191/1352458503ms884oa
PubMed ID:12708811

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