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Alzheimer's secretases regulate voltage-gated sodium channels


Kovacs, D M; Gersbacher, M T; Kim, D Y (2010). Alzheimer's secretases regulate voltage-gated sodium channels. Neuroscience Letters, 486(2):68-72.

Abstract

BACE1 and presenilin (PS)/γ-secretase are primary proteolytic enzymes responsible for the generation of pathogenic amyloid β-peptides (Aβ) in Alzheimer's disease. We and others have found that β-subunits of the voltage-gated sodium channel (Na(v)βs) also undergo sequential proteolytic cleavages mediated by BACE1 and PS/γ-secretase. In a follow-up study, we reported that elevated BACE1 activity regulates total and surface expression of voltage-gated sodium channels (Na(v)1 channels) and thereby modulates sodium currents in neuronal cells and mouse brains. In this review, we focus on the molecular mechanism of how BACE1 and PS/γ-secretase regulate Na(v)1 channels in neuronal cells. We will also discuss potential physiological and pathological roles of BACE1- and PS/γ-secretase-mediated processing of Na(v)βs in relation to Na(v)1 channel function.

Abstract

BACE1 and presenilin (PS)/γ-secretase are primary proteolytic enzymes responsible for the generation of pathogenic amyloid β-peptides (Aβ) in Alzheimer's disease. We and others have found that β-subunits of the voltage-gated sodium channel (Na(v)βs) also undergo sequential proteolytic cleavages mediated by BACE1 and PS/γ-secretase. In a follow-up study, we reported that elevated BACE1 activity regulates total and surface expression of voltage-gated sodium channels (Na(v)1 channels) and thereby modulates sodium currents in neuronal cells and mouse brains. In this review, we focus on the molecular mechanism of how BACE1 and PS/γ-secretase regulate Na(v)1 channels in neuronal cells. We will also discuss potential physiological and pathological roles of BACE1- and PS/γ-secretase-mediated processing of Na(v)βs in relation to Na(v)1 channel function.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute for Regenerative Medicine (IREM)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:13 Sep 2011 10:47
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 09:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0304-3940
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2010.08.048
PubMed ID:20817076

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