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The price of liquidity: The effects of market conditions and bank characteristics


Fecht, Falko; Nyborg, Kjell G; Rocholl, Jörg (2011). The price of liquidity: The effects of market conditions and bank characteristics. Journal of Financial Economics, 102(2):344-362.

Abstract

We study the prices that individual banks pay for liquidity (captured by borrowing rates in repos with the central bank and benchmarked by the overnight index swap) as a function of market conditions and bank characteristics. These prices depend in particular on the distribution of liquidity across banks, which is calculated over time using individual bank-level data on reserve requirements and actual holdings. Banks pay more for liquidity when positions are more imbalanced across banks, consistent with the existence of short squeezing. We also show that small banks pay more for liquidity and are more vulnerable to squeezes. Healthier banks pay less but, contrary to what one might expect, banks in formal liquidity networks do not. State guarantees reduce the price of liquidity but do not protect against squeezes.

Abstract

We study the prices that individual banks pay for liquidity (captured by borrowing rates in repos with the central bank and benchmarked by the overnight index swap) as a function of market conditions and bank characteristics. These prices depend in particular on the distribution of liquidity across banks, which is calculated over time using individual bank-level data on reserve requirements and actual holdings. Banks pay more for liquidity when positions are more imbalanced across banks, consistent with the existence of short squeezing. We also show that small banks pay more for liquidity and are more vulnerable to squeezes. Healthier banks pay less but, contrary to what one might expect, banks in formal liquidity networks do not. State guarantees reduce the price of liquidity but do not protect against squeezes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Banking and Finance
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:November 2011
Deposited On:16 Sep 2011 14:49
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0304-405X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfineco.2011.05.015
Related URLs:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304405X11001383

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