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Obsessive-compulsive syndromes and disorders: significance of comorbidity with bipolar and anxiety syndromes


Angst, J; Gamma, A; Endrass, J; Hantouche, E; Goodwin, R; Ajdacic, V; Eich, D; Rössler, W (2005). Obsessive-compulsive syndromes and disorders: significance of comorbidity with bipolar and anxiety syndromes. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 255(1):65-71.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of comorbid obsessive compulsive disorders and syndromes (OCD/OCS), compared with pure OCD/OCS among adults in the community. METHOD: Data were drawn from the Zurich Study, a longitudinal cohort study of 591 adults in the canton of Zurich. Comorbid OCD/OCS was compared with pure OCD/OCS groups in terms of distress, impairment, family history, suicide behavior and treatment using multivariable logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: OCD was significantly comorbid with bipolar I/II and minor bipolar disorders, anxiety states (GAD, repeated panic attacks) and social phobia, whereas there was no clear association between OCD and major depressive disorder or phobias other than social phobia. Results suggest that comorbid OCD/OCS is common among adults in the community, with the majority of those with OCD/OCS having at least one comorbid mood or anxiety disorder with a prevalence of 7.4% compared to 4.8% of remaining OCD/OCS. Comorbidity of OCD/OCS and anxiety states was more common among women (85.6 %) and comorbidity with bipolar spectrum was more common among men (69.6%). Comorbid OCD/OCS was associated with significantly higher levels of treatment seeking, impairment,distress and suicidality compared with pure OCD/OCS. Comorbidity with bipolar disorders significantly increased the risk for alcohol abuse/dependence. CONCLUSION: Comorbidity of OCD/OCS with bipolar disorder and bipolar spectrum disorders is common and very probably explains the association between OCD and depression found in other studies. The early recognition of bipolar/cyclothymic OCD/OCS may help to prevent the abuse of/dependence on alcohol.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and clinical characteristics of comorbid obsessive compulsive disorders and syndromes (OCD/OCS), compared with pure OCD/OCS among adults in the community. METHOD: Data were drawn from the Zurich Study, a longitudinal cohort study of 591 adults in the canton of Zurich. Comorbid OCD/OCS was compared with pure OCD/OCS groups in terms of distress, impairment, family history, suicide behavior and treatment using multivariable logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: OCD was significantly comorbid with bipolar I/II and minor bipolar disorders, anxiety states (GAD, repeated panic attacks) and social phobia, whereas there was no clear association between OCD and major depressive disorder or phobias other than social phobia. Results suggest that comorbid OCD/OCS is common among adults in the community, with the majority of those with OCD/OCS having at least one comorbid mood or anxiety disorder with a prevalence of 7.4% compared to 4.8% of remaining OCD/OCS. Comorbidity of OCD/OCS and anxiety states was more common among women (85.6 %) and comorbidity with bipolar spectrum was more common among men (69.6%). Comorbid OCD/OCS was associated with significantly higher levels of treatment seeking, impairment,distress and suicidality compared with pure OCD/OCS. Comorbidity with bipolar disorders significantly increased the risk for alcohol abuse/dependence. CONCLUSION: Comorbidity of OCD/OCS with bipolar disorder and bipolar spectrum disorders is common and very probably explains the association between OCD and depression found in other studies. The early recognition of bipolar/cyclothymic OCD/OCS may help to prevent the abuse of/dependence on alcohol.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical and Social Psychiatry Zurich West (former)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adult - Anxiety/diagnosis/epidemiology - Bipolar Disorder/diagnosis/epidemiology - Comorbidity - Cross-Sectional Studies - Family - Female - Humans - Male - Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/diagnosis/epidemiology - Prevalence - Prospective Studies - Psychiatric Status - Rating Scales - Questionnaires - Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology
Language:English
Date:2005
Deposited On:29 Sep 2011 12:13
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 09:08
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0940-1334
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00406-005-0576-8
PubMed ID:15711895

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