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Cryo-electron tomography: gaining insight into cellular processes by structural approaches


Yahav, T; Maimon, T; Grossman, E; Dahan, I; Medalia, O (2011). Cryo-electron tomography: gaining insight into cellular processes by structural approaches. Current Opinion in Structural Biology, 21(5):670-677.

Abstract

Visualization of cellular processes at a resolution of the individual protein should involve integrative and complementary approaches that can eventually draw realistic functional and cellular landscapes. Electron tomography of vitrified but otherwise unaltered cells emerges as a central method for three-dimensional reconstruction of cellular architecture at a resolution of 2-6nm. While a combination of correlative light-based microscopy with cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) provides medium-resolution insight into pivotal cellular processes, fitting high-resolution structural approaches, for example, X-ray crystallography, into reconstructed macromolecular assemblies provides unprecedented information on native protein assemblies. Thus, cryo-ET bridges the resolution gap between cellular and structural biology. In this article, we focus on the study of eukaryotic cells and macromolecular complexes in a close-to-life-state. We discuss recent developments and structural findings enabling major strides to be made in understanding complex physiological functions.

Abstract

Visualization of cellular processes at a resolution of the individual protein should involve integrative and complementary approaches that can eventually draw realistic functional and cellular landscapes. Electron tomography of vitrified but otherwise unaltered cells emerges as a central method for three-dimensional reconstruction of cellular architecture at a resolution of 2-6nm. While a combination of correlative light-based microscopy with cryo-electron tomography (cryo-ET) provides medium-resolution insight into pivotal cellular processes, fitting high-resolution structural approaches, for example, X-ray crystallography, into reconstructed macromolecular assemblies provides unprecedented information on native protein assemblies. Thus, cryo-ET bridges the resolution gap between cellular and structural biology. In this article, we focus on the study of eukaryotic cells and macromolecular complexes in a close-to-life-state. We discuss recent developments and structural findings enabling major strides to be made in understanding complex physiological functions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:12 Oct 2011 15:16
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:02
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0959-440X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbi.2011.07.004
PubMed ID:21813274

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