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Symptoms of communication and social impairment in toddlers with congenital heart defects


Brandlistuen, R E; Stene-Larsen, K; Holmstrøm, H; Landolt, M A; Eskedal, L T; Vollrath, M E (2011). Symptoms of communication and social impairment in toddlers with congenital heart defects. Child: Care, Health and Development, 37(1):37-43.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
With the advances in congenital cardiac surgery and medical management, mortality rates for congenital heart defects (CHD) have declined remarkably. As the number of CHD survivors have increased there is a growing focus on developmental morbidity. The objective of the current study is to compare symptoms of communication and social impairment in 18-month-old children with different severity of CHD with those of controls.

METHOD:
We linked prospective data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, with a nationwide medical CHD registry and identified 198 18-month-olds with CHD in a cohort of 47,692. Three groups of CHD were distinguished: mild/moderate (n= 122), severe (n= 54) and CHD with comorbidity (n= 22). Mothers reported on the child's communication and social skills by completing items from the Ages and Stages Questionnaire as part of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study.

RESULTS:
Children aged 18 months old with CHD differed significantly from controls in levels of symptoms of communication impairment (P≤ 0.0001) and social impairment (P≤ 0.0001). The largest differences were found in children with CHD and comorbidity. Children with severe CHD also showed higher levels of both symptoms of communication and social impairment. Children with mild/moderate CHD showed a small difference only in symptoms of communication impairment.

CONCLUSION:
Children with severe CHD and CHD with comorbidity show more symptoms of communication and social impairment compared with a large cohort at the age of 18 months. It is important to broaden the scope of inquiry to involve communication and social developmental domains.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:
With the advances in congenital cardiac surgery and medical management, mortality rates for congenital heart defects (CHD) have declined remarkably. As the number of CHD survivors have increased there is a growing focus on developmental morbidity. The objective of the current study is to compare symptoms of communication and social impairment in 18-month-old children with different severity of CHD with those of controls.

METHOD:
We linked prospective data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study, conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health, with a nationwide medical CHD registry and identified 198 18-month-olds with CHD in a cohort of 47,692. Three groups of CHD were distinguished: mild/moderate (n= 122), severe (n= 54) and CHD with comorbidity (n= 22). Mothers reported on the child's communication and social skills by completing items from the Ages and Stages Questionnaire as part of the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study.

RESULTS:
Children aged 18 months old with CHD differed significantly from controls in levels of symptoms of communication impairment (P≤ 0.0001) and social impairment (P≤ 0.0001). The largest differences were found in children with CHD and comorbidity. Children with severe CHD also showed higher levels of both symptoms of communication and social impairment. Children with mild/moderate CHD showed a small difference only in symptoms of communication impairment.

CONCLUSION:
Children with severe CHD and CHD with comorbidity show more symptoms of communication and social impairment compared with a large cohort at the age of 18 months. It is important to broaden the scope of inquiry to involve communication and social developmental domains.

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Citations

7 citations in Web of Science®
9 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:January 2011
Deposited On:24 Oct 2011 12:22
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:02
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0305-1862
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01148.x
PubMed ID:20825422

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