Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

MAGEC2 is a sensitive and novel marker for seminoma: a tissue microarray analysis of 325 testicular germ cell tumors


Bode, P K; Barghorn, A; Fritzsche, F R; Riener, M O; Kristiansen, G; Knuth, A; Moch, H (2011). MAGEC2 is a sensitive and novel marker for seminoma: a tissue microarray analysis of 325 testicular germ cell tumors. Modern Pathology, 24(6):829-835.

Abstract

Melanoma-associated gene C2 (MAGEC2) is a recently identified cancer testis antigen expressed in normal testicular and placental tissue. It has been detected in some human carcinomas, but its expression in primary testicular germ cell tumors is unknown. Immunohistochemistry was used to study MAGEC2 protein in 325 primary testicular germ cell tumors, including 94 mixed germ cell tumors. Seminomatous and non-seminomatous components were separately arranged and evaluated on tissue microarrays. MAGEC2 expression was compared with POU5F1 (OCT3/4), SOX2, SOX17, KIT and TNFRSF8 (CD30). The mouse monoclonal anti-MAGEC2 antibody (clone LX-CT10.5) revealed a nuclear MAGEC2 expression with little or no background staining. MAGEC2 expression was found in 238 of 254 seminomas (94%), but not in embryonal carcinomas (n=89). POU5F1 (OCT3/4) was positive in 97% of seminomas and all embryonal carcinomas. In contrast, KIT was positive in 94% of seminoma but also in 8% of embryonal carcinomas. TNFRSF8 (CD30) and SOX2 were negative in seminoma and positive in embryonal carcinoma (96 and 90%, respectively). SOX17 was positive in 94% of seminoma and negative in embryonal carcinoma. We conclude that MAGEC2 allows a reliable distinction of seminoma from embryonal carcinomas. Therefore, MAGEC2 represents an additional tool for the differential diagnosis of testicular germ cell tumors.

Abstract

Melanoma-associated gene C2 (MAGEC2) is a recently identified cancer testis antigen expressed in normal testicular and placental tissue. It has been detected in some human carcinomas, but its expression in primary testicular germ cell tumors is unknown. Immunohistochemistry was used to study MAGEC2 protein in 325 primary testicular germ cell tumors, including 94 mixed germ cell tumors. Seminomatous and non-seminomatous components were separately arranged and evaluated on tissue microarrays. MAGEC2 expression was compared with POU5F1 (OCT3/4), SOX2, SOX17, KIT and TNFRSF8 (CD30). The mouse monoclonal anti-MAGEC2 antibody (clone LX-CT10.5) revealed a nuclear MAGEC2 expression with little or no background staining. MAGEC2 expression was found in 238 of 254 seminomas (94%), but not in embryonal carcinomas (n=89). POU5F1 (OCT3/4) was positive in 97% of seminomas and all embryonal carcinomas. In contrast, KIT was positive in 94% of seminoma but also in 8% of embryonal carcinomas. TNFRSF8 (CD30) and SOX2 were negative in seminoma and positive in embryonal carcinoma (96 and 90%, respectively). SOX17 was positive in 94% of seminoma and negative in embryonal carcinoma. We conclude that MAGEC2 allows a reliable distinction of seminoma from embryonal carcinomas. Therefore, MAGEC2 represents an additional tool for the differential diagnosis of testicular germ cell tumors.

Statistics

Citations

16 citations in Web of Science®
19 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 28 Oct 2011
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:28 Oct 2011 11:44
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:03
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0893-3952
Funders:Zurich Cancer League
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/modpathol.2011.6
PubMed ID:21780320

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF - Registered users only
Size: 288kB
View at publisher