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Disentanglement of electron dynamics and space-charge effects in time-resolved photoemission from h-BN/Ni(111)


Leuenberger, D; Yanagisawa, H; Roth, S; Osterwalder, J; Hengsberger, M (2011). Disentanglement of electron dynamics and space-charge effects in time-resolved photoemission from h-BN/Ni(111). Physical Review B, 84(12):125107.

Abstract

We observe time-resolved and polarization dependent two-, three-, and four-photon transitions from a Ni(111) surface covered with a monolayer of hexagonal boron nitride. The spectra show features due to transitions involving two unoccupied intermediate states: the n=1 image potential state of Ni(111) and a boron nitride-related interface state. We use these transitions in order to track the effects of space-charge on the spectra in view of pump-probe experiments, at high excitations densities. A simple model is presented, which reproduces the measured energy shifts and broadenings in great detail, allowing the ultrafast dynamics and the space-charge effects to be disentangled. Moreover, owing to the high excitation densities an additional particular three-photon transition via both the interface state and a virtual intermediate state could be measured and identified. The polarization-dependent transient of this transition has successfully been simulated, allowing the lifetime of the involved intermediate state to be extracted from the data.

Abstract

We observe time-resolved and polarization dependent two-, three-, and four-photon transitions from a Ni(111) surface covered with a monolayer of hexagonal boron nitride. The spectra show features due to transitions involving two unoccupied intermediate states: the n=1 image potential state of Ni(111) and a boron nitride-related interface state. We use these transitions in order to track the effects of space-charge on the spectra in view of pump-probe experiments, at high excitations densities. A simple model is presented, which reproduces the measured energy shifts and broadenings in great detail, allowing the ultrafast dynamics and the space-charge effects to be disentangled. Moreover, owing to the high excitation densities an additional particular three-photon transition via both the interface state and a virtual intermediate state could be measured and identified. The polarization-dependent transient of this transition has successfully been simulated, allowing the lifetime of the involved intermediate state to be extracted from the data.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:31 Oct 2011 14:01
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:04
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:1098-0121
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.84.125107

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