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Assessing gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism in children: an initial study on how six to nine-year-olds deal with laughter and ridicule and how this relates to bullying and victimization


Proyer, Rene T; Neukom, Marius; Platt, Tracey; Ruch, Willibald (2012). Assessing gelotophobia, gelotophilia, and katagelasticism in children: an initial study on how six to nine-year-olds deal with laughter and ridicule and how this relates to bullying and victimization. Child Indicators Research, 5(2):297-316.

Abstract

Abstract The study describes the development and initial assessment of a questionnaire for the assessment of the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia), the joy in being laughed at (gelotophilia), and the joy in laughing at others (katagelasticism) in a sample of 386 six to 9 year olds. The 30-item measure (PhoPhiKat-30c) demonstrated a robust three-factor structure and satisfactory internal consistency (all ≥.68). An evaluation of the answering pattern of the children revealed that for between one third and half of the children fear of being laughed at seemed to be a concern for them. In self and teacher-reports, gelotophobia was related to victim-status and katagelasticism to bully-status. This initial study enables research in three dispositions towards ridicule and being laughed at in younger children. This closes a gap in the literature and should provide a better understanding on the role of laughter and ridicule in children.

Abstract

Abstract The study describes the development and initial assessment of a questionnaire for the assessment of the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia), the joy in being laughed at (gelotophilia), and the joy in laughing at others (katagelasticism) in a sample of 386 six to 9 year olds. The 30-item measure (PhoPhiKat-30c) demonstrated a robust three-factor structure and satisfactory internal consistency (all ≥.68). An evaluation of the answering pattern of the children revealed that for between one third and half of the children fear of being laughed at seemed to be a concern for them. In self and teacher-reports, gelotophobia was related to victim-status and katagelasticism to bully-status. This initial study enables research in three dispositions towards ridicule and being laughed at in younger children. This closes a gap in the literature and should provide a better understanding on the role of laughter and ridicule in children.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:31 Oct 2011 15:58
Last Modified:09 Jun 2016 09:20
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1874-897X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12187-011-9127-1

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