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Cerebral folate deficiency: A neurometabolic syndrome?


Mangold, S; Blau, N; Opladen, T; Steinfeld, R; Weßling, B; Zerres, K; Häusler, Martin (2011). Cerebral folate deficiency: A neurometabolic syndrome? Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 104(3):369-372.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cerebral folate deficiency (CFD) is increasingly recognized in various neurological conditions, raising the question of whether it might represent a clear-cut clinical syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with low cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5MTHF) values was performed. RESULTS: 58 pediatric patients with low (-2nd to -3rd standard deviation) and 45 patients with very low 5MTHF values (<3rd standard deviation) were identified, including 22 patients with defined underlying neurological conditions. The leading symptoms were mental retardation (n=84), motor retardation (n=75), epilepsy (n=53), ataxia (n=44) and pyramidal tract signs (n=37). There was no relationship between 5MTHF levels and the severity of clinical disease, the duration of clinical disease, distinct neurological symptoms and antiepileptic drug treatment, respectively. Genetical analysis for mutations in the folate receptor 1 gene proved normal in all 16 children studied. CONCLUSIONS: For the majority of patients CFD is not a clear-cut neurometabolic syndrome but the common result of different genetic, metabolic or unknown processes. Nevertheless, CFD may represent a treatable disease-modifying factor which should therefore be addressed in prospective studies.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cerebral folate deficiency (CFD) is increasingly recognized in various neurological conditions, raising the question of whether it might represent a clear-cut clinical syndrome. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients with low cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5MTHF) values was performed. RESULTS: 58 pediatric patients with low (-2nd to -3rd standard deviation) and 45 patients with very low 5MTHF values (<3rd standard deviation) were identified, including 22 patients with defined underlying neurological conditions. The leading symptoms were mental retardation (n=84), motor retardation (n=75), epilepsy (n=53), ataxia (n=44) and pyramidal tract signs (n=37). There was no relationship between 5MTHF levels and the severity of clinical disease, the duration of clinical disease, distinct neurological symptoms and antiepileptic drug treatment, respectively. Genetical analysis for mutations in the folate receptor 1 gene proved normal in all 16 children studied. CONCLUSIONS: For the majority of patients CFD is not a clear-cut neurometabolic syndrome but the common result of different genetic, metabolic or unknown processes. Nevertheless, CFD may represent a treatable disease-modifying factor which should therefore be addressed in prospective studies.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2011
Deposited On:11 Nov 2011 12:47
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:05
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1096-7192
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymgme.2011.06.004
PubMed ID:21737328

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