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Reactions of alpha,beta-unsaturated Thioamides with Diazo compounds


Egli, D H; Linden, A; Heimgartner, H (2006). Reactions of alpha,beta-unsaturated Thioamides with Diazo compounds. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 89(11):2815-2824.

Abstract

Several reactions of the a,b-unsaturated thioamide 8 with diazo compounds 1a–1d were investigated. The reactions with CH2N2 (1a), diazocyclohexane (1b), and phenyldiazomethane (1c) proceeded via a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of the diazo dipole at the C=C bond to give the corresponding 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-3-carbothioamides 12a–12c, i.e., the regioisomer which arose from the bond formation between the N-terminus of the diazo compound and the C(alpha)-atom of 8. In the reaction of 1a with 8, the initially formed cycloadduct, the 4,5-dihydro-3H-pyrazole-3-carbothioamide 11a, was obtained after a short reaction time. In the case of 1c, two tautomers 12c and 12c’ were formed, which, by derivatization with 2-chlorobenzoyl chloride 14, led to the crystalline products 15 and 15’. Their structures were established by X-ray crystallography. From the reaction of 8 and ethyl diazoacetate (1d), the opposite regioisomer 13 was formed. The monosubstituted thioamide 16 reacted with 1a to give the unstable 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-3-carbothioamide 17.

Abstract

Several reactions of the a,b-unsaturated thioamide 8 with diazo compounds 1a–1d were investigated. The reactions with CH2N2 (1a), diazocyclohexane (1b), and phenyldiazomethane (1c) proceeded via a 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of the diazo dipole at the C=C bond to give the corresponding 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-3-carbothioamides 12a–12c, i.e., the regioisomer which arose from the bond formation between the N-terminus of the diazo compound and the C(alpha)-atom of 8. In the reaction of 1a with 8, the initially formed cycloadduct, the 4,5-dihydro-3H-pyrazole-3-carbothioamide 11a, was obtained after a short reaction time. In the case of 1c, two tautomers 12c and 12c’ were formed, which, by derivatization with 2-chlorobenzoyl chloride 14, led to the crystalline products 15 and 15’. Their structures were established by X-ray crystallography. From the reaction of 8 and ethyl diazoacetate (1d), the opposite regioisomer 13 was formed. The monosubstituted thioamide 16 reacted with 1a to give the unstable 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-3-carbothioamide 17.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2006
Deposited On:06 Dec 2011 07:34
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:07
Publisher:Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta
ISSN:0018-019X
Funders:Swiss National Science Foundation , F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Basel
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.200690252

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