Endocytosis is considered as an important mechanism for regulating cell surface numbers and thereby signaling strength of G protein-coupled receptors. Currently, little is known about the endocytotic pathways of GABA(B) receptors in neurons. Here we report that GABA(B) receptors are constitutively internalized presumably via clathrin-dependent endocytosis in cultured cortical neurons. Colocalization of GABA(B) receptors with endosomal marker proteins indicated sorting of GABA(B) receptors from early endosomes to recycling endosomes and to lysosomes. Cell surface biotinylation experiments revealed fast constitutive recycling of GABA(B) receptors as the predominant pathway that was accelerated by the GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen. Finally, degradation of GABA(B) receptors in lysosomes was demonstrated by their intracellular accumulation upon inhibition of lysosomal proteases and by blocking recycling which resulted in the redirection of receptors to lysosomes for degradation. These data imply rapid constitutive - agonist-accelerated - recycling of GABA(B) receptors presumably via clathrin-coated pits and their final targeting to lysosomes for degradation.