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The theory of social health insurance


Zweifel, Peter (2007). The theory of social health insurance. Foundations and Trends® in Microeconomics, 3(3):183-273.

Abstract

The objective of this text is to develop the theory of social health insurance (SHI; the expression used especially in the United States is “public health insurance,” which will be viewed as one variant of SHI here). While a good deal is known about the demand and supply of private insurance, the theoretical basis of SHI is much more fragile. Specifically, on the demand side, what are the reasons for social (or public) health insurance to exist, even to dominate private health insurance in most developed countries? With regard to supply, what do we know about the objectives and constraints of SHI managers? Finally, economists can predict properties of the equilibrium characterizing private health insurance (PHI). However, what is the likely outcome (“performance”) of SHI? At the normative level, one may ask, Should the balance be shifted from SHI to PHI?

Abstract

The objective of this text is to develop the theory of social health insurance (SHI; the expression used especially in the United States is “public health insurance,” which will be viewed as one variant of SHI here). While a good deal is known about the demand and supply of private insurance, the theoretical basis of SHI is much more fragile. Specifically, on the demand side, what are the reasons for social (or public) health insurance to exist, even to dominate private health insurance in most developed countries? With regard to supply, what do we know about the objectives and constraints of SHI managers? Finally, economists can predict properties of the equilibrium characterizing private health insurance (PHI). However, what is the likely outcome (“performance”) of SHI? At the normative level, one may ask, Should the balance be shifted from SHI to PHI?

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:2007
Deposited On:20 Mar 2009 12:35
Last Modified:06 Dec 2017 14:57
Publisher:Now Publishers Inc.
ISSN:1547-9846
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1561/0700000004

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