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Synthesis and selected reactions of hydrazides containing an imidazole moiety


Mloston, G; Pieczonka, A M; Kowalczyk, E; Linden, A; Heimgartner, H (2011). Synthesis and selected reactions of hydrazides containing an imidazole moiety. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 94(10):1764-1777.

Abstract

The preparation of two types of imidazole derivatives bearing a hydrazide group was achieved by treatment of the corresponding esters with NH2NH2·H2O in MeOH at room temperature. In the case of 4-(ethoxycarbonyl)-1H-imidazole 3-oxides 3, hydrazides of type 1 were formed with retention of the N-oxide structure (Scheme 1). Interestingly, due to a strong H-bonding, no deoxygenation of the N-O function could be achieved even by treatment of 3 with Raney-Ni. The second type, 2-[(1H-imidazol-2-yl)sulfanyl]acetohydrazides 2, was obtained from 1H-imidazole-2(3H)-thiones 4 in two steps via S-alkylation with methyl bromoacetate, followed by treatment with NH2NH2·H2O (Scheme 2). An imidazole 7, containing both types of hydrazide groups, was prepared analogously from ethyl 2,3-dihydro-2-thioxo-1H-imidazole-4-carboxylate 4d (Scheme 4). Both types of hydrazides, 1 and 2, were transformed successfully to the corresponding acylhydrazones 8 and 9, respectively (Scheme 5). Furthermore,
it has been shown that hydrazides of type 1 are useful starting materials for the synthesis of 1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones 11 and 1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amines 12, bearing an imidazole 3-oxide moiety (Scheme 7).

Abstract

The preparation of two types of imidazole derivatives bearing a hydrazide group was achieved by treatment of the corresponding esters with NH2NH2·H2O in MeOH at room temperature. In the case of 4-(ethoxycarbonyl)-1H-imidazole 3-oxides 3, hydrazides of type 1 were formed with retention of the N-oxide structure (Scheme 1). Interestingly, due to a strong H-bonding, no deoxygenation of the N-O function could be achieved even by treatment of 3 with Raney-Ni. The second type, 2-[(1H-imidazol-2-yl)sulfanyl]acetohydrazides 2, was obtained from 1H-imidazole-2(3H)-thiones 4 in two steps via S-alkylation with methyl bromoacetate, followed by treatment with NH2NH2·H2O (Scheme 2). An imidazole 7, containing both types of hydrazide groups, was prepared analogously from ethyl 2,3-dihydro-2-thioxo-1H-imidazole-4-carboxylate 4d (Scheme 4). Both types of hydrazides, 1 and 2, were transformed successfully to the corresponding acylhydrazones 8 and 9, respectively (Scheme 5). Furthermore,
it has been shown that hydrazides of type 1 are useful starting materials for the synthesis of 1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones 11 and 1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-amines 12, bearing an imidazole 3-oxide moiety (Scheme 7).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:October 2011
Deposited On:19 Dec 2011 12:28
Last Modified:22 Nov 2017 04:56
Publisher:Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta
ISSN:0018-019X
Funders:European Social Fund 'Human - Best investment!'
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/hlca.201100292

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