Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Comparison of epinephrine vs lipid rescue to treat severe local anesthetic toxicity - an experimental study in piglets


Mauch, J; Martin Jurado, O; Spielmann, N; Bettschart-Wolfensberger, R; Weiss, M (2011). Comparison of epinephrine vs lipid rescue to treat severe local anesthetic toxicity - an experimental study in piglets. Paediatric Anaesthesia, 21(11):1103-1108.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Local anesthetic (LA) intoxication with severe hemodynamic compromise is a potential catastrophic event. Lipid resuscitation has been recommended for the treatment of LA-induced cardiac arrest. However, there are no data about effectiveness of Intralipid for the treatment of severe cardiovascular compromise prior to cardiac arrest. Aim of this study was to compare effectiveness of epinephrine and Intralipid for the treatment of severe hemodynamic compromise owing to bupivacaine intoxication. Methods:  Piglets were anesthetized with sevoflurane, intubated, and ventilated. Bupivacaine was infused with a syringe driver via a central venous catheter at a rate of 1 mg·kg(-1) ·min(-1) until invasively measured mean arterial pressure (MAP) dropped to 50% of the initial value. Bupivacaine infusion was then stopped, and epinephrine 3 μg·kg(-1) (group 1), Intralipid(®) 20% 2 ml·kg(-1) (group 2), or Intralipid 20% 4 ml·kg(-1) (group 3) was immediately administered. Survival, hemodynamic course, and ET(CO2) were recorded. Results:  Twenty-one piglets (3 × 7), with median age of 26 days (19-43) and weighing 4.9 kg (4.3-5.8), were investigated. All animals in group 1 (100%) but only four of seven (57%) piglets in group 2 and group 3, respectively, survived. Normalization of hemodynamic parameters (HR, MAP) and ET(CO2) was fastest in group 1 with all piglets achieving HR and MAP values at or above baseline within 1 min. Conclusion:  For the treatment of severe hemodynamic compromise owing to bupivacaine intoxication in piglets, first-line rescue with epinephrine was more effective than Intralipid with regard to survival as well as normalization of hemodynamic parameters and ET(CO2) .

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Local anesthetic (LA) intoxication with severe hemodynamic compromise is a potential catastrophic event. Lipid resuscitation has been recommended for the treatment of LA-induced cardiac arrest. However, there are no data about effectiveness of Intralipid for the treatment of severe cardiovascular compromise prior to cardiac arrest. Aim of this study was to compare effectiveness of epinephrine and Intralipid for the treatment of severe hemodynamic compromise owing to bupivacaine intoxication. Methods:  Piglets were anesthetized with sevoflurane, intubated, and ventilated. Bupivacaine was infused with a syringe driver via a central venous catheter at a rate of 1 mg·kg(-1) ·min(-1) until invasively measured mean arterial pressure (MAP) dropped to 50% of the initial value. Bupivacaine infusion was then stopped, and epinephrine 3 μg·kg(-1) (group 1), Intralipid(®) 20% 2 ml·kg(-1) (group 2), or Intralipid 20% 4 ml·kg(-1) (group 3) was immediately administered. Survival, hemodynamic course, and ET(CO2) were recorded. Results:  Twenty-one piglets (3 × 7), with median age of 26 days (19-43) and weighing 4.9 kg (4.3-5.8), were investigated. All animals in group 1 (100%) but only four of seven (57%) piglets in group 2 and group 3, respectively, survived. Normalization of hemodynamic parameters (HR, MAP) and ET(CO2) was fastest in group 1 with all piglets achieving HR and MAP values at or above baseline within 1 min. Conclusion:  For the treatment of severe hemodynamic compromise owing to bupivacaine intoxication in piglets, first-line rescue with epinephrine was more effective than Intralipid with regard to survival as well as normalization of hemodynamic parameters and ET(CO2) .

Statistics

Citations

15 citations in Web of Science®
19 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:20 Dec 2011 10:07
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 10:26
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1155-5645
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9592.2011.03652.x
PubMed ID:21762400

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher