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Liver MRI in the hepatocyte phase with gadolinium-EOB-DTPA: Does increasing the flip angle improve conspicuity and detection rate of hypointense lesions?


Bashir, M R; Husarik, D B; Ziemlewicz, T J; Gupta, R T; Boll, D T; Merkle, E M (2012). Liver MRI in the hepatocyte phase with gadolinium-EOB-DTPA: Does increasing the flip angle improve conspicuity and detection rate of hypointense lesions? Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 35(3):611-616.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare conspicuity and detection rate of hypointense lesions on T1-weighted (T1w) gradient echo (GRE) sequences with low and high flip angles (FA) in hepatocyte phase magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using gadoxetate disodium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)-compliant study was Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved. The study population consisted of patients with hypointense liver lesions undergoing MRI with gadoxetate disodium, with hepatocyte-phase fat suppressed 3D T1w GRE sequences at both low (10-12°) and high (30-35°) FA. Contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) were calculated for liver parenchyma vs. large lesions and common bile duct (CBD) vs. liver. Three radiologists each assigned a conspicuity score (CS) for each lesion detected at low or high FA. Paired Student's t-tests compared the lesion detection (LD) rate using only the hepatocyte phase data set compared with the entire MRI examination, and CS for low and high FA. RESULTS: In all, 57 large and 70 small lesions were identified in 18 patients. Average LD and CS were significantly greater at high FA versus low FA overall (LD 89.0% vs. 79.5%; CS 2.8 vs. 2.2; P < 0.05) and for small lesions (81.4% vs. 65.7%; 2.5 vs. 1.8; P < 0.05). Average liver-to-lesion CNR for large lesions and CBD-to-liver CNR was significantly greater at high FA (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Increasing the FA in hepatocyte phase MRI with gadoxetate disodium improves hypointense lesion detection and conspicuity, particularly for small lesions. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2011;. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To compare conspicuity and detection rate of hypointense lesions on T1-weighted (T1w) gradient echo (GRE) sequences with low and high flip angles (FA) in hepatocyte phase magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using gadoxetate disodium. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)-compliant study was Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved. The study population consisted of patients with hypointense liver lesions undergoing MRI with gadoxetate disodium, with hepatocyte-phase fat suppressed 3D T1w GRE sequences at both low (10-12°) and high (30-35°) FA. Contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs) were calculated for liver parenchyma vs. large lesions and common bile duct (CBD) vs. liver. Three radiologists each assigned a conspicuity score (CS) for each lesion detected at low or high FA. Paired Student's t-tests compared the lesion detection (LD) rate using only the hepatocyte phase data set compared with the entire MRI examination, and CS for low and high FA. RESULTS: In all, 57 large and 70 small lesions were identified in 18 patients. Average LD and CS were significantly greater at high FA versus low FA overall (LD 89.0% vs. 79.5%; CS 2.8 vs. 2.2; P < 0.05) and for small lesions (81.4% vs. 65.7%; 2.5 vs. 1.8; P < 0.05). Average liver-to-lesion CNR for large lesions and CBD-to-liver CNR was significantly greater at high FA (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Increasing the FA in hepatocyte phase MRI with gadoxetate disodium improves hypointense lesion detection and conspicuity, particularly for small lesions. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2011;. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:20 Dec 2011 12:42
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:14
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1053-1807
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/jmri.22850
PubMed ID:22034383

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