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Ischaemia-reperfusion injury in orthotopic mouse lung transplants - a scanning electron microscopy study


Draenert, A; Marquardt, K; Inci, I; Soltermann, A; Weder, W; Jungraithmayr, W (2011). Ischaemia-reperfusion injury in orthotopic mouse lung transplants - a scanning electron microscopy study. International Journal of Experimental Pathology, 92(1):18-25.

Abstract

Lung ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains a major cause of graft failure in lung transplantation (Tx). With the implementation of orthotopic lung Tx in mice, a physiological model on the base of a perfused and ventilated graft became available for the investigation of I/R injury. Using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) technique, we here present an analysis of early and late morphological changes of pulmonary I/R injury. Syngeneic lungs were orthotopically transplanted between C57BL/6 mice. Grafts were exposed to 2 h of cold ischaemia. Transplants and right lungs were examined by SEM with corresponding haematoxylin-eosin histology 30 min and 4 h after reperfusion. Thirty minutes after reperfusion, the alveolar surface of transplants showed a discontinued lining of surfactant, while the lining of the non-transplanted lung was normal. Within the graft, leucocytes displayed an irregular surface with development of pseudopodia, and microvilli were detected on the membrane of pneumocytes. At 4 h after reperfusion, leucocytes significantly increased in numbers within the alveolar space. Also, the number of microvilli on pneumocytes increased significantly. Similar to these, the endothelium of vessels increasingly developed microvilli from 30 min towards 4 h after reperfusion. The airways of transplanted grafts showed mild changes with thickening of the bronchial epithelium and a destruction of kinocilia. Taken together, SEM detects pathological events of I/R that are previously not described in normal histology. These findings may influence the interpretation of studies investigating the I/R injury in the mouse model of lung Tx.

Abstract

Lung ischaemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains a major cause of graft failure in lung transplantation (Tx). With the implementation of orthotopic lung Tx in mice, a physiological model on the base of a perfused and ventilated graft became available for the investigation of I/R injury. Using the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) technique, we here present an analysis of early and late morphological changes of pulmonary I/R injury. Syngeneic lungs were orthotopically transplanted between C57BL/6 mice. Grafts were exposed to 2 h of cold ischaemia. Transplants and right lungs were examined by SEM with corresponding haematoxylin-eosin histology 30 min and 4 h after reperfusion. Thirty minutes after reperfusion, the alveolar surface of transplants showed a discontinued lining of surfactant, while the lining of the non-transplanted lung was normal. Within the graft, leucocytes displayed an irregular surface with development of pseudopodia, and microvilli were detected on the membrane of pneumocytes. At 4 h after reperfusion, leucocytes significantly increased in numbers within the alveolar space. Also, the number of microvilli on pneumocytes increased significantly. Similar to these, the endothelium of vessels increasingly developed microvilli from 30 min towards 4 h after reperfusion. The airways of transplanted grafts showed mild changes with thickening of the bronchial epithelium and a destruction of kinocilia. Taken together, SEM detects pathological events of I/R that are previously not described in normal histology. These findings may influence the interpretation of studies investigating the I/R injury in the mouse model of lung Tx.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Division of Surgical Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Thoracic Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:04 Jan 2012 12:37
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 10:37
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0959-9673
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2613.2010.00752.x
PubMed ID:21272104

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