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Inflammatory cytokine and chemokine expression in sympathetic ophthalmia: a pilot study


Furusato, E; Shen, D F; Cao, X; Furusato, B; Nussenblatt, R B; Rushing, E J; Chan, C C (2011). Inflammatory cytokine and chemokine expression in sympathetic ophthalmia: a pilot study. Histology and Histopathology, 26(9):1145-1151.

Abstract

Sympathetic ophthalmia is a bilateral uveitis that develops after penetrating injury to one eye. This study aimed to identify the inflammatory cellular sub-phenotypes and expression of pertinent inflammatory cytokines/chemokines in sympathetic ophthalmia (SO). Dalen-Fuchs nodules (DFN), granulomas, and non-granulomatous foci of inflammation were micro-dissected from 15 cases. RNA was extracted, and quantitative PCR was performed to measure IL-17, IL-18, IL-23, IFN-γ, CCL19, CXCL11, CCL17, and CCL22 transcripts. Immunohistochemical methods were used to characterize CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD68, and CD163 expression. Non-granulomatous lymphocytes were predominantly CD3-positive and expressed more IFN-γ than cells within granulomas, consistent with Th1 cells. In contrast, granulomas and DFN contained mainly CD68+, CD163+/- and expressed more IL-17, IL-18, IL-23, CCL19, and CXCL11 than non-granulomatous cells. Our data indicate for the first time that M1 macrophages are the predominant inflammatory cells within granulomas and DFN of SO. We further observed high levels of IL-17 within granulomas and the presence of Th1 and M1 cells.

Abstract

Sympathetic ophthalmia is a bilateral uveitis that develops after penetrating injury to one eye. This study aimed to identify the inflammatory cellular sub-phenotypes and expression of pertinent inflammatory cytokines/chemokines in sympathetic ophthalmia (SO). Dalen-Fuchs nodules (DFN), granulomas, and non-granulomatous foci of inflammation were micro-dissected from 15 cases. RNA was extracted, and quantitative PCR was performed to measure IL-17, IL-18, IL-23, IFN-γ, CCL19, CXCL11, CCL17, and CCL22 transcripts. Immunohistochemical methods were used to characterize CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD68, and CD163 expression. Non-granulomatous lymphocytes were predominantly CD3-positive and expressed more IFN-γ than cells within granulomas, consistent with Th1 cells. In contrast, granulomas and DFN contained mainly CD68+, CD163+/- and expressed more IL-17, IL-18, IL-23, CCL19, and CXCL11 than non-granulomatous cells. Our data indicate for the first time that M1 macrophages are the predominant inflammatory cells within granulomas and DFN of SO. We further observed high levels of IL-17 within granulomas and the presence of Th1 and M1 cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:15 Jan 2012 08:30
Last Modified:17 Feb 2018 14:17
Publisher:Jiménez-Godoy
ISSN:0213-3911
OA Status:Green
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
PubMed ID:21751146

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