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DARPins and other repeat protein scaffolds: advances in engineering and applications


Boersma, Y L; Plückthun, A (2011). DARPins and other repeat protein scaffolds: advances in engineering and applications. Current Opinion in Biotechnology, 22(6):849-857.

Abstract

Antibodies have long been regarded as the only class of binding proteins. With the emergence of protein engineering techniques, new binding proteins based on alternative scaffolds have been designed. Additionally, modern technologies for selection and evolution from libraries are independent of the antibody scaffold and could thus be readily used for obtaining specific binding proteins. One important group of alternative scaffolds is based on repeat proteins. Nature is widely using these proteins to modulate protein-protein interactions, and even in the adaptive immune system of jawless vertebrates; the step to their application as an alternative to antibodies seems therefore logical. In this review, progress on DARPins and other repeat protein scaffolds will be discussed. Advances in their design as well as novel applications will be highlighted.

Abstract

Antibodies have long been regarded as the only class of binding proteins. With the emergence of protein engineering techniques, new binding proteins based on alternative scaffolds have been designed. Additionally, modern technologies for selection and evolution from libraries are independent of the antibody scaffold and could thus be readily used for obtaining specific binding proteins. One important group of alternative scaffolds is based on repeat proteins. Nature is widely using these proteins to modulate protein-protein interactions, and even in the adaptive immune system of jawless vertebrates; the step to their application as an alternative to antibodies seems therefore logical. In this review, progress on DARPins and other repeat protein scaffolds will be discussed. Advances in their design as well as novel applications will be highlighted.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, further contribution
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:12 Jan 2012 16:29
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 11:07
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0958-1669
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copbio.2011.06.004
PubMed ID:21715155

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