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Neuronal Nogo-A upregulation does not contribute to ER stress-associated apoptosis but participates in the regenerative response in the axotomized adult retina


Pernet, V; Joly, S; Dalkara, D; Schwarz, O; Christ, F; Schaffer, D; Flannery, J; Schwab, M E (2012). Neuronal Nogo-A upregulation does not contribute to ER stress-associated apoptosis but participates in the regenerative response in the axotomized adult retina. Cell Death and Differentiation, 19(7):1096-1108.

Abstract

Nogo-A, an axonal growth inhibitory protein known to be mostly present in CNS myelin, was upregulated in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) after optic nerve injury in adult mice. Nogo-A increased concomitantly with the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) marker C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), but CHOP immunostaining and the apoptosis marker annexin V did not co-localize with Nogo-A in individual RGC cell bodies, suggesting that injury-induced Nogo-A upregulation is not involved in axotomy-induced cell death. Silencing Nogo-A with an adeno-associated virus serotype 2 containing a short hairpin RNA (AAV2.shRNA-Nogo-A) or Nogo-A gene ablation in knock-out (KO) animals had little effect on the lesion-induced cell stress or death. On the other hand, Nogo-A overexpression mediated by AAV2.Nogo-A exacerbated RGC cell death after injury. Strikingly, however, injury-induced sprouting of the cut axons and the expression of growth-associated molecules were markedly reduced by AAV2.shRNA-Nogo-A. The axonal growth in the optic nerve activated by the intraocular injection of the inflammatory molecule Pam3Cys tended to be lower in Nogo-A KO mice than in WT mice. Nogo-A overexpression in RGCs in vivo or in the neuronal cell line F11 in vitro promoted regeneration, demonstrating a positive, cell-autonomous role for neuronal Nogo-A in the modulation of axonal regeneration.Cell Death and Differentiation advance online publication, 23 December 2011; doi:10.1038/cdd.2011.191.

Abstract

Nogo-A, an axonal growth inhibitory protein known to be mostly present in CNS myelin, was upregulated in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) after optic nerve injury in adult mice. Nogo-A increased concomitantly with the endoplasmic reticulum stress (ER stress) marker C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), but CHOP immunostaining and the apoptosis marker annexin V did not co-localize with Nogo-A in individual RGC cell bodies, suggesting that injury-induced Nogo-A upregulation is not involved in axotomy-induced cell death. Silencing Nogo-A with an adeno-associated virus serotype 2 containing a short hairpin RNA (AAV2.shRNA-Nogo-A) or Nogo-A gene ablation in knock-out (KO) animals had little effect on the lesion-induced cell stress or death. On the other hand, Nogo-A overexpression mediated by AAV2.Nogo-A exacerbated RGC cell death after injury. Strikingly, however, injury-induced sprouting of the cut axons and the expression of growth-associated molecules were markedly reduced by AAV2.shRNA-Nogo-A. The axonal growth in the optic nerve activated by the intraocular injection of the inflammatory molecule Pam3Cys tended to be lower in Nogo-A KO mice than in WT mice. Nogo-A overexpression in RGCs in vivo or in the neuronal cell line F11 in vitro promoted regeneration, demonstrating a positive, cell-autonomous role for neuronal Nogo-A in the modulation of axonal regeneration.Cell Death and Differentiation advance online publication, 23 December 2011; doi:10.1038/cdd.2011.191.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2012
Deposited On:11 Jan 2012 13:18
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:21
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1350-9047
Funders:Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) Grant no. 31-122527/1, SNF National Center of Competence in Research ‘Neural Plasticity and Repair’.
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/cdd.2011.191
PubMed ID:22193546

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