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The Impact of Social and Interpersonal Resources on Adjustment Disorder Symptoms in Older Age


Fankhauser, S; Pepe, A; Wagner, B; Krammer, S; Aeschbach, M; Maercker, Andreas; Forstmeier, Simon (2010). The Impact of Social and Interpersonal Resources on Adjustment Disorder Symptoms in Older Age. GeroPsych, 23(4):227-241.

Abstract

This study investigates self-efficacy and motivation regulation as possible mediators of the relationship between social and
interpersonal resources (i.e., social network, social support, social acknowledgment as a victim, and disclosure) and adjustment disorder
(AJD) symptoms in a sample of 121 adults aged 65–97 years. AJD was conceptualized as a form of stress-response syndrome, core
symptoms of which are intrusions, avoidance, and failure to adapt after having experienced a critical event. Motivational variables
mediated the relationship between social acknowledgment and AJD symptoms. Contrary to expectations, motivational variables were
not found to mediate the link between reluctance to disclose and AJD symptoms. This study casts new light on the psychological processes
that enable older adults to adjust to critical life events and to exhibit resilience, which is important for successful aging.

Abstract

This study investigates self-efficacy and motivation regulation as possible mediators of the relationship between social and
interpersonal resources (i.e., social network, social support, social acknowledgment as a victim, and disclosure) and adjustment disorder
(AJD) symptoms in a sample of 121 adults aged 65–97 years. AJD was conceptualized as a form of stress-response syndrome, core
symptoms of which are intrusions, avoidance, and failure to adapt after having experienced a critical event. Motivational variables
mediated the relationship between social acknowledgment and AJD symptoms. Contrary to expectations, motivational variables were
not found to mediate the link between reluctance to disclose and AJD symptoms. This study casts new light on the psychological processes
that enable older adults to adjust to critical life events and to exhibit resilience, which is important for successful aging.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2010
Deposited On:24 Jan 2012 15:26
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 11:14
Publisher:Hogrefe
ISSN:1662-9647
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1024/1662-9647/a000022

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