Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Second induction with high-dose cytarabine and mitoxantrone: different impact on pediatric AML patients with t(8;21) and with inv(16)


Creutzig, U; Zimmermann, M; Bourquin, J P; Dworzak, M N; von Neuhoff, C; Sander, A; Schrauder, A; Teigler-Schlegel, A; Stary, J; Corbacioglu, S; Reinhardt, D (2011). Second induction with high-dose cytarabine and mitoxantrone: different impact on pediatric AML patients with t(8;21) and with inv(16). Blood, 118(20):5409-5415.

Abstract

Patients with core binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML) benefit from more intensive chemotherapy, but whether both the t(8;21) and inv(16)/t (16;16) subtypes requires intensification remained to be determined. In the 2 successive studies (AML-BFM-1998 and AML-BFM-2004), 220 CBF-AML patients were treated using the same chemotherapy backbone, whereby reinduction with high-dose cytarabine and mitoxantrone (HAM) was scheduled for these cohorts only in study AML-BFM-1998 but not in AML-BFM-2004 against the background to minimize overtreatment. Five-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were significantly higher and the cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) lower in t(8;21) patients treated with HAM (n = 78) compared with without HAM (n = 53): OS 92% ± 3% versus 80% ± 6%, p(logrank)0.047, EFS 84% ± 4% versus 59% ± 7%, p(logrank)0.001, and CIR 14% ± 4% versus 34% ± 7%, p((gray))0.006. These differences were not seen for inv(16) (n = 43 and 46, respectively): OS 93% ± 4% versus 94% ± 4%, EFS 75% ± 7% versus 71% ± 9% and CIR 15% ± 6% versus 23% ± 8% (not significant). The subtype t(8;21), but not inv(16), was an independent predictor of worse outcome without HAM reinduction. Based on our data, a 5-year OS of > 90% can be expected for CBF-AML, when stratifying t(8;21), but not inv(16), patients to high-risk chemotherapy, including HAM reinduction.

Abstract

Patients with core binding factor acute myeloid leukemia (CBF-AML) benefit from more intensive chemotherapy, but whether both the t(8;21) and inv(16)/t (16;16) subtypes requires intensification remained to be determined. In the 2 successive studies (AML-BFM-1998 and AML-BFM-2004), 220 CBF-AML patients were treated using the same chemotherapy backbone, whereby reinduction with high-dose cytarabine and mitoxantrone (HAM) was scheduled for these cohorts only in study AML-BFM-1998 but not in AML-BFM-2004 against the background to minimize overtreatment. Five-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were significantly higher and the cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) lower in t(8;21) patients treated with HAM (n = 78) compared with without HAM (n = 53): OS 92% ± 3% versus 80% ± 6%, p(logrank)0.047, EFS 84% ± 4% versus 59% ± 7%, p(logrank)0.001, and CIR 14% ± 4% versus 34% ± 7%, p((gray))0.006. These differences were not seen for inv(16) (n = 43 and 46, respectively): OS 93% ± 4% versus 94% ± 4%, EFS 75% ± 7% versus 71% ± 9% and CIR 15% ± 6% versus 23% ± 8% (not significant). The subtype t(8;21), but not inv(16), was an independent predictor of worse outcome without HAM reinduction. Based on our data, a 5-year OS of > 90% can be expected for CBF-AML, when stratifying t(8;21), but not inv(16), patients to high-risk chemotherapy, including HAM reinduction.

Statistics

Citations

21 citations in Web of Science®
30 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

543 downloads since deposited on 15 Jan 2012
83 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:15 Jan 2012 21:14
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:22
Publisher:American Society of Hematology
ISSN:0006-4971
Additional Information:This research was originally published in Blood. Blood. 2011 Nov 17;118(20):5409-5415. Copyright by the American Society of Hematology
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1182/blood-2011-07-364661
PubMed ID:21948298

Download

Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Published Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 259kB
View at publisher
Preview Icon on Download
Preview
Content: Accepted Version
Filetype: PDF
Size: 321kB

TrendTerms

TrendTerms displays relevant terms of the abstract of this publication and related documents on a map. The terms and their relations were extracted from ZORA using word statistics. Their timelines are taken from ZORA as well. The bubble size of a term is proportional to the number of documents where the term occurs. Red, orange, yellow and green colors are used for terms that occur in the current document; red indicates high interlinkedness of a term with other terms, orange, yellow and green decreasing interlinkedness. Blue is used for terms that have a relation with the terms in this document, but occur in other documents.
You can navigate and zoom the map. Mouse-hovering a term displays its timeline, clicking it yields the associated documents.

Author Collaborations