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Level and change of group-focused enmity in Germany: unconditional and conditional latent growth curve models with four panel waves


Davidov, Eldad; Thörner, Stefan; Schmidt, Peter; Gosen, Stefanie; Wolf, Carina (2011). Level and change of group-focused enmity in Germany: unconditional and conditional latent growth curve models with four panel waves. AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, 95(4):481-500.

Abstract

In this study we investigate and explain the level and change of six elements of group-
focused enmity (GFE; see Zick et al. 2008) in Germany between 2002 and 2006: racism,
xenophobia, anti-Semitism, homophobia, exclusion of homeless people and support for
rights of the established. For the data analysis, a representative 4-year panel study of the
adult non-immigrant German population collected during the years 2002-2006 is used,
and the development of each GFE component is tested by using an unconditional second-
order latent growth curve model (LGM) (with full information maximum likelihood,
FIML). We find that the level of 5 of the 6 components (racism, xenophobia, anti-
Semitism, homophobia, exclusion of homeless people) displays an increase at the
beginning of the observed period followed by a decrease. However, the sixth aspect,
rights of the established, displays a continuous linear increase over time. The different
developmental pattern stands in contrast to Allport’s hypothesis (1954) for the strong link
between the components and their development over time. We try to explain this different
developmental pattern by several sociodemographic characteristics. This is performed by
using a conditional second-order latent growth curve model.

Abstract

In this study we investigate and explain the level and change of six elements of group-
focused enmity (GFE; see Zick et al. 2008) in Germany between 2002 and 2006: racism,
xenophobia, anti-Semitism, homophobia, exclusion of homeless people and support for
rights of the established. For the data analysis, a representative 4-year panel study of the
adult non-immigrant German population collected during the years 2002-2006 is used,
and the development of each GFE component is tested by using an unconditional second-
order latent growth curve model (LGM) (with full information maximum likelihood,
FIML). We find that the level of 5 of the 6 components (racism, xenophobia, anti-
Semitism, homophobia, exclusion of homeless people) displays an increase at the
beginning of the observed period followed by a decrease. However, the sixth aspect,
rights of the established, displays a continuous linear increase over time. The different
developmental pattern stands in contrast to Allport’s hypothesis (1954) for the strong link
between the components and their development over time. We try to explain this different
developmental pattern by several sociodemographic characteristics. This is performed by
using a conditional second-order latent growth curve model.

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9 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Sociology
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Uncontrolled Keywords:group-focused enmity; syndrome; prejudice; conditional and unconditional latent growth curve modeling; panel data
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:02 Feb 2012 13:10
Last Modified:15 Dec 2017 12:28
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1863-8171 (P) 1863-818X (E)
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10182-011-0174-1

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