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Centropodieae and Ellisochloa, a new tribe and genus in Chloridoideae (Poaceae)


Peterson, P M; Romaschenko, K; Barker, N P; Linder, H P (2011). Centropodieae and Ellisochloa, a new tribe and genus in Chloridoideae (Poaceae). Taxon, 60(4):1113-1122.

Abstract

There has been confusion among taxonomists regarding the subfamilial placement of Merxmuellera papposa, M. rangei, and four species of Centropodia even though many researchers have included them in molecular studies. We conducted a phylogenetic analysis of 127 species using seven plastid regions (rps3, rps16-trnK, rps16, rpl32-trnL, ndhF, ndhA, matK) to infer the evolutionary relationships of Centropodia, M. papposa, and M. rangei with other grasses. Merxmuellera papposa and M. rangei form a clade that is sister to three species of Centropodia, and together they are sister to the remaining tribes in Chloridoideae. We provide the carbon isotope ratios for four species indicating that Merxmuellera papposa and M. rangei are photosynthetically C3, and Centropodia glauca and C. mossamdensis are C4. We present evidence in favor of the expansion of subfamily Chloridoideae to include a new tribe, Centropodieae, which includes two genera, Centropodia and a new genus, Ellisochloa with two species, Ellisochloa papposa and E. rangei. The name Danthonia papposa Nees is lectotypified.

Abstract

There has been confusion among taxonomists regarding the subfamilial placement of Merxmuellera papposa, M. rangei, and four species of Centropodia even though many researchers have included them in molecular studies. We conducted a phylogenetic analysis of 127 species using seven plastid regions (rps3, rps16-trnK, rps16, rpl32-trnL, ndhF, ndhA, matK) to infer the evolutionary relationships of Centropodia, M. papposa, and M. rangei with other grasses. Merxmuellera papposa and M. rangei form a clade that is sister to three species of Centropodia, and together they are sister to the remaining tribes in Chloridoideae. We provide the carbon isotope ratios for four species indicating that Merxmuellera papposa and M. rangei are photosynthetically C3, and Centropodia glauca and C. mossamdensis are C4. We present evidence in favor of the expansion of subfamily Chloridoideae to include a new tribe, Centropodieae, which includes two genera, Centropodia and a new genus, Ellisochloa with two species, Ellisochloa papposa and E. rangei. The name Danthonia papposa Nees is lectotypified.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:August 2011
Deposited On:21 Feb 2012 16:31
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:26
Publisher:International Association for Plant Taxonomy
ISSN:0040-0262
Official URL:http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/iapt/tax/2011/00000060/00000004/art00014

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