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Role of latent membrane protein 2 isoforms in Epstein-Barr virus latency


Rechsteiner, M P; Bernasconi, M; Berger, C; Nadal, D (2008). Role of latent membrane protein 2 isoforms in Epstein-Barr virus latency. Trends in Microbiology, 16(11):520-527.

Abstract

The oncogenic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects the majority of the human population without doing harm and establishes a latent infection in the memory B-cell compartment. To accomplish this, EBV hijacks B-cell differentiation pathways and uses its own viral genes to interfere with B-cell signalling to achieve life-long persistence. EBV latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) provides a surrogate B-cell receptor signal essential for cell survival and is believed to have a crucial role in the maintenance of latency by blocking B-cell activation which would otherwise lead to lytic EBV infection. These two functions demand tight control of LMP2A activity and expression levels. Based on recent insights in the function of LMP2B, an isoform of LMP2A, we propose a model for how LMP2B modulates the activity of LMP2A contributing to maintenance of EBV latency.

Abstract

The oncogenic Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infects the majority of the human population without doing harm and establishes a latent infection in the memory B-cell compartment. To accomplish this, EBV hijacks B-cell differentiation pathways and uses its own viral genes to interfere with B-cell signalling to achieve life-long persistence. EBV latent membrane protein 2A (LMP2A) provides a surrogate B-cell receptor signal essential for cell survival and is believed to have a crucial role in the maintenance of latency by blocking B-cell activation which would otherwise lead to lytic EBV infection. These two functions demand tight control of LMP2A activity and expression levels. Based on recent insights in the function of LMP2B, an isoform of LMP2A, we propose a model for how LMP2B modulates the activity of LMP2A contributing to maintenance of EBV latency.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2008
Deposited On:05 Feb 2009 15:37
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:34
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0966-842X
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tim.2008.08.007
PubMed ID:18835714

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