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Inv dup del(4)(:p13-->p16.3::p16.3-->qter) in a girl without typical manifestations of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome


Paskulin, Giorgio A; Riegel, Mariluce; Cotter, Philip D; Kiss, Andrea; Rosa, Rafael F M; Zen, Paulo R G; Mombach, Rômulo; Graziadio, Carla (2009). Inv dup del(4)(:p13-->p16.3::p16.3-->qter) in a girl without typical manifestations of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A, 149A(6):1302-1307.

Abstract

We report on a 4-year-old girl who presented with microcephaly, multiple minor anomalies of face and limbs, congenital heart defect, hypotonia, neuropsychomotor delay, deafness and seizures. A GTG-banded karyotype identified an additional fragment of unknown origin on the terminal region of 4p. Parental karyotypes were normal. FISH analysis using a whole chromosome paint probe for chromosome 4 and subtelomere probes showed a signal on the entire add (4) chromosome and loss of the 4p subtelomere region, respectively. Additional analysis using microsatellite markers for chromosome 4 and whole-genome array comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) identified a duplication of the region 4p13 --> 4p16.3. Her karyotype was thus interpreted as an inverted duplication with terminal deletion of 4p: 46,XX,der(4)(:p13 --> p16.3::p16.3 --> qter). The clinical features of our patient differed from those typically observed in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome and were more compatible with duplication 4(p14 --> p16.3), with preservation of the WHS critical region.

Abstract

We report on a 4-year-old girl who presented with microcephaly, multiple minor anomalies of face and limbs, congenital heart defect, hypotonia, neuropsychomotor delay, deafness and seizures. A GTG-banded karyotype identified an additional fragment of unknown origin on the terminal region of 4p. Parental karyotypes were normal. FISH analysis using a whole chromosome paint probe for chromosome 4 and subtelomere probes showed a signal on the entire add (4) chromosome and loss of the 4p subtelomere region, respectively. Additional analysis using microsatellite markers for chromosome 4 and whole-genome array comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) identified a duplication of the region 4p13 --> 4p16.3. Her karyotype was thus interpreted as an inverted duplication with terminal deletion of 4p: 46,XX,der(4)(:p13 --> p16.3::p16.3 --> qter). The clinical features of our patient differed from those typically observed in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome and were more compatible with duplication 4(p14 --> p16.3), with preservation of the WHS critical region.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2009
Deposited On:13 Jun 2012 08:38
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 11:54
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:1552-4825
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.32888
PubMed ID:19449429

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