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Poly(ADP-ribose): a co-regulator of DNA methylation?


Althaus, F R (2005). Poly(ADP-ribose): a co-regulator of DNA methylation? Oncogene, 24(1):11-12.

Abstract

The formation of multiprotein complexes is l'ordre du jour in regulatory pathways. In this issue of Oncogene, Reale et al. report the formation of a particularly sophisticated complex of two important regulatory enzymes, DNMT1 (DNA methyltransferase-1) and PARP-1 (poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1). The former evolved with a specific sequence motif binding the enzymatic product of the latter. The product, poly(ADP-ribose), bonds the two partners into a heterodimeric complex and, as a consequence, the catalytic function of DNMT1 is silenced. Thus, PARP-1 becomes a conditional negative regulator of DNMT1. In a larger perspective, Reale et al. highlight the potential role of PARP-1 as a co-regulator of DNA methylation leading to epigenetic reprogramming of cancer cells.

Abstract

The formation of multiprotein complexes is l'ordre du jour in regulatory pathways. In this issue of Oncogene, Reale et al. report the formation of a particularly sophisticated complex of two important regulatory enzymes, DNMT1 (DNA methyltransferase-1) and PARP-1 (poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1). The former evolved with a specific sequence motif binding the enzymatic product of the latter. The product, poly(ADP-ribose), bonds the two partners into a heterodimeric complex and, as a consequence, the catalytic function of DNMT1 is silenced. Thus, PARP-1 becomes a conditional negative regulator of DNMT1. In a larger perspective, Reale et al. highlight the potential role of PARP-1 as a co-regulator of DNA methylation leading to epigenetic reprogramming of cancer cells.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Language:English
Date:6 January 2005
Deposited On:27 Mar 2009 14:47
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:35
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:0950-9232
Funders:others
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.onc.1208382
Official URL:http://www.nature.com/onc/journal/v24/n1/pdf/1208382a.pdf
PubMed ID:15637586

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