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Invariant manifolds for a singular ordinary differential equation


Blanchini, S; Spinolo, L V (2011). Invariant manifolds for a singular ordinary differential equation. Journal of Differential Equations, 250(4):1788-1827.

Abstract

We study the singular ordinary differential equation $$ \frac{d U}{d t} = f (U) / z (U) + g (U), $$ where $U \in R^N$, the functions $f \in R^N $ and $g \in R^N $ are of class $C^2$ and $z $ is a real valued $C^2$ function. The equation is singular in the sense that $z (U)$ can attain the value 0. We focus on the solutions of the singular ODE that belong to a small neighborhood of a point $\bar U$ such that $f (\bar U) = g (\bar U) = \vec 0$, $z (\bar U) =0$. We investigate the existence of manifolds that are locally invariant for the singular ODE and that contain orbits with a suitable prescribed asymptotic behaviour. Under suitable hypotheses on the set $\{U: z (U) = 0 \}$, we extend to the case of the singular ODE the definitions of center manifold, center stable manifold and of uniformly stable manifold. An application of our analysis concerns the study of the viscous profiles with small total variation for a class of mixed hyperbolic-parabolic systems in one space variable. Such a class includes the compressible Navier Stokes equation.

Abstract

We study the singular ordinary differential equation $$ \frac{d U}{d t} = f (U) / z (U) + g (U), $$ where $U \in R^N$, the functions $f \in R^N $ and $g \in R^N $ are of class $C^2$ and $z $ is a real valued $C^2$ function. The equation is singular in the sense that $z (U)$ can attain the value 0. We focus on the solutions of the singular ODE that belong to a small neighborhood of a point $\bar U$ such that $f (\bar U) = g (\bar U) = \vec 0$, $z (\bar U) =0$. We investigate the existence of manifolds that are locally invariant for the singular ODE and that contain orbits with a suitable prescribed asymptotic behaviour. Under suitable hypotheses on the set $\{U: z (U) = 0 \}$, we extend to the case of the singular ODE the definitions of center manifold, center stable manifold and of uniformly stable manifold. An application of our analysis concerns the study of the viscous profiles with small total variation for a class of mixed hyperbolic-parabolic systems in one space variable. Such a class includes the compressible Navier Stokes equation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Mathematics
Dewey Decimal Classification:510 Mathematics
Language:English
Date:February 2011
Deposited On:17 Feb 2012 20:10
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:33
Publisher:Academic Press
ISSN:0022-0396 (P) 1090-2732 (E)
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jde.2010.11.010
Related URLs:http://arxiv.org/abs/0801.4425

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