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Expression of the 2′,3′-cAMP-adenosine pathway in astrocytes and microglia


Verrier, J D; Exo, J L; Jackson, T C; Ren, J; Gillespie, D G; Dubey, R K; Kochanek, P M; Jackson, E K (2011). Expression of the 2′,3′-cAMP-adenosine pathway in astrocytes and microglia. Journal of Neurochemistry, 118(6):979-987.

Abstract

Many organs express the extracellular 3',5'-cAMP-adenosine pathway (conversion of extracellular 3',5'-cAMP to 5'-AMP and 5'-AMP to adenosine). Some organs release 2',3'-cAMP (isomer of 3',5'-cAMP) and convert extracellular 2',3'-cAMP to 2'- and 3'-AMP and convert these AMPs to adenosine (extracellular 2',3'-cAMP-adenosine pathway). As astrocytes and microglia are important participants in the response to brain injury and adenosine is an endogenous neuroprotectant, we investigated whether these extracellular cAMP-adenosine pathways exist in these cell types. 2',3'-, 3',5'-cAMP, 5'-, 3'-, and 2'-AMP were incubated with mouse primary astrocytes or primary microglia for 1 h and purine metabolites were measured in the medium by mass spectrometry. There was little evidence of a 3',5'-cAMP-adenosine pathway in either astrocytes or microglia. In contrast, both cell types converted 2',3'-cAMP to 2'- and 3'-AMP (with 2'-AMP being the predominant product). Although both cell types converted 2'- and 3'-AMP to adenosine, microglia were five- and sevenfold, respectively, more efficient than astrocytes in this regard. Inhibitor studies indicated that the conversion of 2',3'-cAMP to 2'-AMP was mediated by a different ecto-enzyme than that involved in the metabolism of 2',3'-cAMP to 3'-AMP and that although CD73 mediates the conversion of 5'-AMP to adenosine, an alternative ecto-enzyme metabolizes 2'- or 3'-AMP to adenosine.

Abstract

Many organs express the extracellular 3',5'-cAMP-adenosine pathway (conversion of extracellular 3',5'-cAMP to 5'-AMP and 5'-AMP to adenosine). Some organs release 2',3'-cAMP (isomer of 3',5'-cAMP) and convert extracellular 2',3'-cAMP to 2'- and 3'-AMP and convert these AMPs to adenosine (extracellular 2',3'-cAMP-adenosine pathway). As astrocytes and microglia are important participants in the response to brain injury and adenosine is an endogenous neuroprotectant, we investigated whether these extracellular cAMP-adenosine pathways exist in these cell types. 2',3'-, 3',5'-cAMP, 5'-, 3'-, and 2'-AMP were incubated with mouse primary astrocytes or primary microglia for 1 h and purine metabolites were measured in the medium by mass spectrometry. There was little evidence of a 3',5'-cAMP-adenosine pathway in either astrocytes or microglia. In contrast, both cell types converted 2',3'-cAMP to 2'- and 3'-AMP (with 2'-AMP being the predominant product). Although both cell types converted 2'- and 3'-AMP to adenosine, microglia were five- and sevenfold, respectively, more efficient than astrocytes in this regard. Inhibitor studies indicated that the conversion of 2',3'-cAMP to 2'-AMP was mediated by a different ecto-enzyme than that involved in the metabolism of 2',3'-cAMP to 3'-AMP and that although CD73 mediates the conversion of 5'-AMP to adenosine, an alternative ecto-enzyme metabolizes 2'- or 3'-AMP to adenosine.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Reproductive Endocrinology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:21 Feb 2012 07:56
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 15:35
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN:0022-3042
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/J.1471-4159.2011.07392.X
PubMed ID:21777245

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