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Hepatitis E, Helicobacter pylori, and peptic ulcers in workers exposed to sewage: a prospective cohort study


Tschopp, Alois; Joller, H; Jeggli, S; Widmeier, S; Steffen, Robert; Hilfiker, S; Hotz, Philipp (2009). Hepatitis E, Helicobacter pylori, and peptic ulcers in workers exposed to sewage: a prospective cohort study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 66:45-50.

Abstract

Objectives: Workers exposed to sewage may have an increased risk of infection by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and hepatitis E virus (HEV). To assess the incidence of clinical hepatitis E (HE) and peptic ulcer disease as well as the seroconversion rate of antibodies to H. pylori and HEV in workers with and without sewage exposure.

Methods: 332 workers exposed to sewage and a control group of 446 municipal manual workers (participation: 61 %) entered a prospective cohort study with clinical examination and determination of antibodies to H. pylori and HEV (immunoglobulins G and A or G and M, respectively). Survival curves were examined with log rank tests and Cox regressions. Travelling to endemic areas, socioeconomic level, age, country in which childhood was spent, number of siblings, and personal protective equipment were considered as the main confounding factors.

Results: Incidence of clinical HE was not increased in sewage workers. One peptic ulcer and three eradications were recorded in sewage workers whereas no case of peptic ulcer and 12 eradications occurred in control workers. Incidence rates of about 0.01, 0.10, and 0.15 seroconversion / person-year for HE, H. pylori IgG, and H. pylori IgA, respectively, were found in both exposed and non exposed workers. Survival curves did not show an increased risk in sewage workers and no association with any exposure indicator was found. Sensitivity analyses did not alter these results.

Conclusions: These results do not support the hypothesis of sewage as a source of occupational infection for H. pylori or HEV in sewage workers trained for this job with available personal protective equipment and working in a region with good sanitation.

Abstract

Objectives: Workers exposed to sewage may have an increased risk of infection by Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and hepatitis E virus (HEV). To assess the incidence of clinical hepatitis E (HE) and peptic ulcer disease as well as the seroconversion rate of antibodies to H. pylori and HEV in workers with and without sewage exposure.

Methods: 332 workers exposed to sewage and a control group of 446 municipal manual workers (participation: 61 %) entered a prospective cohort study with clinical examination and determination of antibodies to H. pylori and HEV (immunoglobulins G and A or G and M, respectively). Survival curves were examined with log rank tests and Cox regressions. Travelling to endemic areas, socioeconomic level, age, country in which childhood was spent, number of siblings, and personal protective equipment were considered as the main confounding factors.

Results: Incidence of clinical HE was not increased in sewage workers. One peptic ulcer and three eradications were recorded in sewage workers whereas no case of peptic ulcer and 12 eradications occurred in control workers. Incidence rates of about 0.01, 0.10, and 0.15 seroconversion / person-year for HE, H. pylori IgG, and H. pylori IgA, respectively, were found in both exposed and non exposed workers. Survival curves did not show an increased risk in sewage workers and no association with any exposure indicator was found. Sensitivity analyses did not alter these results.

Conclusions: These results do not support the hypothesis of sewage as a source of occupational infection for H. pylori or HEV in sewage workers trained for this job with available personal protective equipment and working in a region with good sanitation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:18 November 2009
Deposited On:21 Nov 2008 07:50
Last Modified:05 Apr 2016 12:35
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:1351-0711
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/oem.2007.038166
PubMed ID:19017699

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