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The gran dolina-TD6 human fossil remains and the origin of Neanderthals


Bermúdez de Castro, J M; Martinon-Torres, M; Gomez-Robles, A; Margvelashvili, A; Arsuaga, J L; Carretero, J M; Martinez, I; Sarmiento, S (2011). The gran dolina-TD6 human fossil remains and the origin of Neanderthals. In: Condemi, S; Weniger, G C. Continuity and discontinuity in the peopling of Europe: One hundred fifty years of Neanderthal study. Dordrecht [etc.]: Springer, 67-75.

Abstract

We present a revision of the main features with phylogenetic interest observed in the human fossil remains recovered from the Aurora Stratum of the TD6 level, Gran Dolina site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain) that have been assigned to Homo antecessor. Our aim is to test the hypothesis of a possible relationship between this species and the European Middle and early Upper Pleistocene hominins, the so-called Neanderthal lineage. Some cranial, postcranial, and dental features are plesiomorphic for the genus Homo and thus, they are not useful for our purpose. Other morphologies are derived with regard to H. ergaster/H. erectus, and TD6 hominins share those traits with modern humans, with Neanderthals or with both lineages. In this context we hypothesize either that it exists a phylogenetic continuity between Homo antecessor and Neanderthals or that both species shared a common ancestor.

Abstract

We present a revision of the main features with phylogenetic interest observed in the human fossil remains recovered from the Aurora Stratum of the TD6 level, Gran Dolina site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain) that have been assigned to Homo antecessor. Our aim is to test the hypothesis of a possible relationship between this species and the European Middle and early Upper Pleistocene hominins, the so-called Neanderthal lineage. Some cranial, postcranial, and dental features are plesiomorphic for the genus Homo and thus, they are not useful for our purpose. Other morphologies are derived with regard to H. ergaster/H. erectus, and TD6 hominins share those traits with modern humans, with Neanderthals or with both lineages. In this context we hypothesize either that it exists a phylogenetic continuity between Homo antecessor and Neanderthals or that both species shared a common ancestor.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Anthropology
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Language:English
Date:2011
Deposited On:13 Mar 2012 12:30
Last Modified:07 Dec 2017 12:41
Publisher:Springer
Series Name:Vertebrate paleobiology and paleoanthropology series
ISBN:978-9-400-70491-6
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0492-3_6

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